my daughter is 3 years old. she is underweight not taking milk and proper diet how and what to give to Her?nutrition Corner
the problem seems to be disinterest in food. Milk should be restricted to 400-500 ml maximum in a day, so that the child doesn't fill the stomach with milk only. Make eating joyful and pleasant experience for her. Make her sit with family to have meals. Keep appropriate gap, to ensure hunger of least 3-4 hours between her meals. Allocate fixed time for her meals. That is the child should finish her main meals in 20-25 minutes and for snacks give 10-15 minutes to finish. If the child takes longer than that remove her plate. Over a period of time the child would start finishing her meals on time. Start with some of her favourite food (whatever she likes) and try and serve in an attractive manner. Use different coloured foods. You may weave a story around food item, like a round tomato as a ball or a make a stool of 2-3 biscuits and something is sitting and falling from it. You can even make her have her meals with other children of same age group, be it neighbours, friends or cousins once in a while. Children follow other children. It would take some time before she accepts food normally. Try including the favourite healthy options for the meals. You can make snacks healthier by using whole grain flour, vegetables & fruits. Try & make regular food interesting like chapatti veggies as Kathi roll or vegetables, cheese/shredded chicken spread over roti with ketchup. Give variety your child in foods. Encourage the child to indulge in more outdoor games and activities to increase appetite. Use whole milk and its products like curd, paneer, cheese, buttermilk etc. You may give these as fruit shakes/ fruit lassi. Cheese or paneer can be cut into small bite sized cubes, so that they can use their fingers to eat these. Alternatively paneer/cheese can be added to their roti/sandwich/dosa/uttapam etc. Increase intake of dals/legumes, eggs (hard boiled cut into small bite sized pieces or omlette etc.) poultry/fish (curry, snacks, cutlets, tikka, in rice or in soup). Give more of fruits like mango, banana, cheeku,litchi, grapes, dates. These may be added to their milkshakes as well. Give more of potato, sweet potato, colocassia, yam besides other vegetables. You may add these to their roti/sandwich. Nuts like walnuts, almonds, peanuts and dried fruits like raisins, currants, dried apricots.