Ambedkar Jayanti : Lessons From B.R. Ambedkar's Life
Created by Urvashi Shah Updated on Apr 14, 2018
The month of April not only endows us with summer holidays of our children, it also brings a special occasion of Ambedkar Jayanti. Ambedkar Jayanti 2018 will be celebrated by the people all over India on 14th of April at, Saturday. This day is celebrated by people with much enthusiasm, marking the contributions of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar for the people of India. Ambedkar Jayanti 2018 will would be 127th birth anniversary celebration of B.R.Ambedkar. This day is celebrated as a public holiday all over the world where respectful homage is paid by the President and Prime Minister of India and a parade is organized to honour him.
On this day, let us reflect some light on Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, the man who made a big contribution towards shaping the lives of poor in our country. Read on to Ambedkar’s biography ahead in order to know about this man in depth.
Dr. B.R.Ambedkar’s Biography-Born on 14th April 1891, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was a jurist, social reformer and politician and is also known as the Father of Indian Constitution. His efforts were mainly concentrated on eradicating social evils from our country such as untouchability and caste restrictions. The main aim of his life was fighting for the rights of the dalits and other socially backward classes. He was appointed as India’s first Law Minister in the Cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru and was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour, in 1990. The reason why he chose to fight against caste discrimination and untouchability was because he confronted the same when young. Throughout his childhood he faced the evils of untouchability, even when in school where the teachers made the untouchables sit outside the class.
Education:He was a bright student and managed to clear his examinations and enrolled in the Columbia University in New York City to study Economics. In 1916, he enrolled in the London School of Economics and started working on his doctoral thesis titled “The problem of the rupee: Its origin and its solution”. Later on, he went on to become a professor of political economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay. He then went on to England to study further to seek a PhD in Economics.
Movement Against Caste Discrimination:On returning to India he decided to fight against caste discrimination. In order to reach out to the larger mass, he launched a newspaper called, ‘Mooknayaka’. By 1927, he launched a full-fleged movement for the Dalit rights and demanded public drinking water and temples to be opened for all. He openly condemned Hindu Scriptures advocating discrimination and arranged symbolic demonstrations to enter the Kalaram Temple in Nashik. In 1932, the Poona Pact was signed between Dr. Ambedkar and Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, representative of the Hindu Brahmins relinquishing reservation of seats for the untouchable classes in the Provisional legislatures, within the general electorate. These classes were later known as Scheduled Classes and Scheduled Tribes.
Political Career:He founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936 and in 1937, his party won 15 seats in the elections to the Central Legislative Assembly. He also took an objection to the decision of the Congress and Mahatma Gandhi to refer the untouchable community as ‘Harijans’ and stated that the members of the untouchable community as same as that of the other castes. Ambedkar was appointed on the Defence Advisory Committee and the Viceroy’s Executive Council as Minister for Labor and also appointment as free India’s first Law Minister and chairman of the committee responsible to draft a constitution for independent India.
Constitution Of India:Being responsible in drafting the constitution of India, he stated that unity of the country cannot be achieved with differences pertaining to castes. He emphasized on gender equality, caste equality and religion and remained successful in seeking support of the Assembly to introduce the system of reservation for members of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes in the sectors pertaining to education, government jobs and civil services.
Conversion To Buddhism:In 1950, Ambedkar travelled to Sri Lanka to attend a convention of Buddhist scholars and monks and wrote a book on Buddhism and soon converted in to a Buddhist. In his speeches he showed his disbelief towards Hindu rituals and caste divisions. He also founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha in 1955 and got his book, "The Buddha and His Dhamma" published soon after. On October 14, 1956 Ambedkar organized a public ceremony to convert around five lakh of his supporters to Buddhism and also travelled to Kathmandu to attend the Fourth World Buddhist Conference. He went on to complete his final manuscript, "The Buddha or Karl Marx" on December 2, 1956.
Final Stage Of Life:From 1954 to 1955, Ambedkar was suffering from serious health issues such as diabetes and had weak eyesight. On 6th December 1956, he collapsed at his home in Delhi. Because he adopted Buddhism, he was given a Buddhist cremation that was attended by thousands of his supporters, activists and admirers.
Lessons To learn From Dr. Ambedkar-This was Ambedkar’s life story in brief. Apart from this, you can teach your child various lessons inspired from his life. Here are some of the lessons that your child can learn from Ambedkar-
Education is the key to success:Ambedkar being a bright student didn’t let anything come his way towards receiving education. It was his sheer determination that enabled him to study higher in various countries. In a society that looked down on the Dalits, it was Ambedkar who became the first Dalit to finish his education. He managed to win a scholarship of Rs.25 to Mumbai University and a state scholarship that enabled him to travel abroad for pursuing further education. He studied at the London School of Economics and at Columbia University in the US, emerging with a PhD in Economics
Don’t be intimidated:Being a Dalit, young Ambedkar was barred from sitting in the same classroom as his higher caste peers and banished from drinking water from public water sources. But he did not allow any sort of discrimination come in his way and managed to complete his education, along with going abroad for further education purpose. In 1990, he was posthumously awarded the country’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna
Giving back to society:Ambedkar was a selfless man and made use of his education to lead the cause of equality, liberty and fraternity. He believed that the country’s progress was possible if women were empowered and hence upheld women’s right to higher education and employment. He wrote several books on the fundamental and human rights of all people. He managed to shut down the inequality that was highlighted on the Dalits since many centuries. He being a victim of the denial of rights, assured that fundamental rights were enshrined in our Constitution, benefiting generations to come
These are the lessons from Ambedkar’s life that your child can seek inspiration from for a brighter India.
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