Lunar Eclipse June 2020: Everything You Need To Know
Created by Parentune Support Updated on Jun 05, 2020
Eclipse of the two most popular celestial bodies on earth is an amazing event to observe. These events have attracted the creative imagination of mankind for long, giving birth to many myths and misconceptions.
A total of four lunar eclipses (Chandra Grahan) are scheduled for 2020, out of which three will be visible from Asia and India.
If you are a first-time mom or expecting a baby soon, I'm sure there are many instructions flowing from the elderly for the occasion. Mostly about staying indoors and food etc. Why not try to address each of them scientifically, and know more about this amazing celestial activity?
So here we try to answer all your questions related to the present lunar eclipse.
What Exactly is Lunar Eclipse (Chandra Grahan 2020)?
A lunar eclipse happens when the sun, earth and moon align in such a way that earth's shadow falls on the moon. Since the moon shines by reflecting the sun's light, under eclipse it turns from silver-white color to red. However, for a full red moon, it must be a total eclipse. But not all lunar eclipses are full eclipses, instead, there can be three types of lunar eclipse:
Total lunar eclipse
Partial lunar eclipse
Penumbral lunar eclipse
The eclipse occurring on 5th Jan is a penumbral lunar eclipse. This is the second eclipse of the year 2020. The first lunar eclipse of the year happened in the month of January.
Apart from this, there are 2 more lunar eclipses in 2020 - one in July and the last one in November.
What is a Penumbral Lunar Eclipse?
Evidently, the sun's size compared to the earth causes the earth to form two shadow cones. One darker than the other as shown in the image below.
The darker cone is called 'umbra' and the area of the lighter shadow cone is called the penumbra. The darker shadow cone grows narrow with distance as shown in the image. However, the lighter shadow grows larger. Thus, the moon has a couple of options to hide from the sun:
- Hide completely within Umbra: Total Lunar Eclipse - Moon eventually turns completely red
- Hide partially in Umbra: Partial Lunar Eclipse - Only part of the moon turns red
- Stay in Penumbra Shadow: Penumbral Lunar Eclipse - Looks more like full moon, may appear slightly blueish
A penumbral lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Moon and the Earth are aligned in an imperfect way, and when the Moon moves through the outer and faint part of Earth's shadow.
Penumbral lunar eclipse timing
The Penumbral lunar eclipse will occur between 5th and 6th June. As per the Indian Standard Timing, it will start at 11:15 pm on 5th June. The maximum eclipse will be reached at 12:54 am on 6th June. This is when the Moon is closest to the center of the shadow. The eclipse will end at 2:34 am on 6th June, 2020. The duration of the eclipse is predicted to be around 3 hours 18 minutes.
Where to watch?
The lunar eclipse on the 5th and 6th of June will be visible if you are in Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia. You might get to see the Moon turn darker during the maximum phase of this penumbral lunar eclipse. However, since it is a Penumbral lunar eclipse, it may be difficult to know its difference from a regular full moon.
Common Myths Associated with Lunar Eclipse
The short answer is, "it doesn't." There is no scientific evidence supporting any theory of harms done by the moon's escapades in earth's shadow (lunar eclipse).
Still, there are many precautionary advises (mostly myths) floating around for expecting moms (and in general) throughout the cultures around the world. Some of the prominent ones include:
Avoiding eating food during the eclipse.
You should not have sex during the night of the lunar eclipse.
Staying away from sharp objects.
Staying indoors (defeats all the fun out of watching a wonderful celestial phenomenon).
Light proofing the windows to avoid rays from eclipse from entering your home.
Watching the Lunar eclipse with naked eyes will affect eyesight.
You should take a bath after the eclipse.
Lunar Eclipse Vs. Solar Eclipse - Differences
Chances are you have heard a lot about the solar eclipse. Solar eclipses are rarer, happen in the daytime, and require special glasses for the fans and observers to watch. Naturally, solar eclipses create more buzz and are the big daddy of lunar eclipse when it comes to fame.
Few major differences between lunar and solar eclipse are:
Upcoming Dates of Lunar / Solar Eclipses for 2020
Keep in mind dates when lunar or solar eclipses happen in the year 2020. Check below ...
|Lunar eclipse||Solar eclipse|
|Causes||Earth's shadow falling on the moon||Moon's shadow falling on earth|
|When||Occurs on Full moon nights only||Occurs usually around the new moon|
|Visibility||Visible from everywhere on the night side of the earth||Visible only from a limited area which comes under the moon's shadow|
|Type of Eclipse||Only one out of three types of eclipses will be visible||The intensity of the moon's shadow on earth may define which type of solar eclipse you see|
|Watching||Completely safe to watch, use a normal telescope for a closer look||Watching with naked eyes not recommended, use special glasses to observe|
|Duration||Usually lasts longer. May last up to 4 hours||For a very short duration, especially total solar eclipse|
Upcoming Eclipses, Types & Visibility Across The Globe
|Date||Type of Eclipse||Visible in / from|
|5-6 Jun 2020||Penumbral lunar||Asia, Australia, Europe, and Africa|
|21 Jun 2020||Annular solar||Parts of Africa including the Central African Republic, Congo, and Ethiopia; south of Pakistan and northern India; and China|
|4-5 Jul 2020||Penumbral lunar||Most of North and South America, and Africa|
|29-30 Nov 2020||Penumbral lunar||North and South America, Australia, and parts of Asia|
|14 Dec 2020||Total Solar Eclipse||
Visible from Chile and some parts of Argentina; Partial eclipse visible in some regions in southern South America, south-west Africa, and Antarctica
Image credit: Pixabay.com