Polio Factsheet: 7 Things You Should Know
Created by Ekta Updated on Jan 28, 2019
|About Polio||Polio is a highly infectious viral disease, which affects children under 0-5 years.|
|How does it spread?||Transmitted by person-to-person, spread mainly through the faecal-oral route or, by contaminated water or food. Multiplies in intestine, can also enter the nervous system .|
|Symptoms||Fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness of the neck and pain in the limbs|
|Prevention||By stimulating your child's immune system with Polio vaccinations|
|Types of vaccinatons||-OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
-IPV (Injectable Polio Vaccine)
|Dosage||-OPV: First dose given to new born baby, then 3 doses of OPV and IPV 4 weeks apart at 6th, 10th and 14th week.
-Followed by booster doses of OPV and IPV, at 15th to 18th month &
-Booster dose of OPV at 5 years.
-And pulse polio doses on every national immunisation day conducted by the government
|India, polio free||India was declared polio free in March 2014. It is still important for us to take the
vaccine till polio is eradicated globally.
Still prevalent in: Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan