Health

10 Things to Know About The Baby in The First Year

Preeti
0 to 1 years

Created by Preeti
Updated on Jan 04, 2020

10 Things to Know About The Baby in The First Year
Reviewed by Expert panel

The first year of a baby is full of questions and self-doubts for any mom. Why isn’t my child walking yet? Is her tummy full on just breast milk? Why does my baby throw up curdled milk? –are just some questions that are going on in a first-time mom’s mind. Being a mother is a rollercoaster ride—well almost! There are innumerable highs and lows in the journey—from the first step your little one took to the first illness--the ride starts right from day one. So, in your arms is your bundle of joy and now starts the journey of parenting.

Read on to find out about your baby’s first year and some of the most common first-year experiences.

What If Your Baby in First Year?

Here, I have put together 10 pointers from my experience that should help alleviate some stress and answer some concerns of new parents.

Check with your doctor for a safe gel that can be massaged on your baby’s gums in case the baby is very irritable. Also, to reduce the swelling and to give the baby relief: tie a piece of frozen cucumber/carrot/apple slice in a sterilized muslin cloth and give it to the baby to put in her mouth. Once it becomes soft, discard it.

Spread a mat and lay the child on her tummy. Keep a toy in front of her and support her leg with your hand so that by pushing your hand backward, she will gain the force to try to grab that toy or you could lie at a distance and call your child to come to you. No infant will be able to resist a mother’s loving call.

What to do? Hold your child’s hand and help them take a few steps, or leave them near a stable piece of furniture, such as the bed so that she can hold the bed for support and walk. Using a walker? No, it is a big no as it increases the chances of an accident since the baby has no control over it! Moreover, let the child learn by themselves.

  1. Infant Jaundice: If your newborn has pale eyes, with a yellowish tinge in the skin. The doctor informs you it is jaundice. And now you are worried!

    • Don’t get too stressed as this is common and known as infant jaundice. The liver filters bilirubin from the bloodstream and releases it into the intestinal tract
    • A newborn's immature liver often can't remove bilirubin quickly enough, causing an excess of bilirubin which leads to jaundice
    • This normally appears 2-3 days after the birth
  2. Keep Away from Direct Sun: Expose Child to the indirect sun in the morning hours. Remove the baby’s clothing and hold her next to a large window and let the child soak in the sun and within a week or 10 days she should be fine.
  3. Breastfeeding: Breast milk is life’s nectar for your little one. Experts advise feeding the infant every two hours...

    • Initially, it seems very tiring and sometimes frustrating as well, and it will take time to become an expert on this but don’t give up
    • Try to ensure your child latches on properly (baby should latch onto the entire areola rather than just the nipple)
    • Also with baby’s it's more of a demand and supply process, and so more you feed, more would the supply be 
  4. What If Baby is Not Feeding Well?

    If the infant is wetting 12 to 14 nappies in 24 hours, it is assumed she is well fed (the body will be able to excrete something only if there is sufficient intake!). Another parameter to judge whether the baby is getting enough breast milk is that the infant should be able to gain 1 kg every month on an average. Having said that for the first three months, a little up and down, is nothing to worry about much. Your pediatrician will be your best guide on this
  5. Throwing Milk/Curdled Milk:

    An infant throwing up a little milk after a feed, or burp, is also common up till six months of age
    • In fact, most people agree that the child spitting curdled milk is a sigh on digestion
  6. But there are a couple of watch-outs here:

    What to do? Keep calm and don’t worry too much. Help the baby burp after every feed, feed frequently but in small quantities. Also, don’t put the child onto the bed straight away, after a feed but hold him in your arms and then put on the bed. Also, avoid cuddling the child (which will press his tummy against your body causing the milk to ride up).

    • The infant throwing up a spoonful or two of milk is okay, but more than that might be an issue
    • If the infant consistently throws up un-curdled milk
    • If the weight of the baby is not increasing. In my case, my daughter threw milk as if she is vomiting and we spent a lot of time at the pediatrician's but without a solution. I finally realized that this also goes away only with time
  7. Teething:

    Every child is different and reaches different milestone at different times. And also loose motions, irritation, fever, an urge to bite and chew on things are common symptoms of a child’s teething
  8. Tummy time:

    Make your infant lie on her tummy after 3 months (once the neck is completely stable), for 5 minutes every day. This is an exercise for the infant’s muscles as the baby will strain to roll the right side up, lift up her head to look at her environment, and also attempt to crawl. These activities help in strengthening the muscles of the baby
  9. Crawling:

    Mostly the baby’s attempt crawling by 6 months. But then again, this is not a fixed timeline. Some infants don’t have patience and start crawling much earlier, while some take more time, and there are some babies who do not crawl at all but instead walk straight away
  10. Weaning foods:

    Once the child has to be started on a diet besides just breast milk, many questions come to the mother’s mind--when and what and how to feed? The biggest concern right? As per the standards, you can introduce soft, semi-solid foods after 6 months. Some simple foods you can start with are a mashed banana, mashed mango, apple puree, carrot puree, and mashed-boiled potato. [Read - 4-7 Months Baby Weaning Food Guide]
  11. Sitting-up on Her Own? Rollover? We first-time mother start worrying if the child is not sitting up independently or rolling over by 3-4 months, but again like mentioned earlier each child moves on her own pace to achieve those milestones. Generally, by the 5 or 6th month, babies start sitting up with support and eventually independently. Also, the rolling over starts at approximately the same time. But wait, don’t start thinking and comparing. Infants with a little higher weight, start late…I can say from experience as my daughter is chubby and she started after 7 months to sit
  12. Walk:

    Many children start as early as 8 months to walk whole others walk closer to their first birthdays, so do not worry. [ReadCommon Baby Genital Problems]

A parent is wired to be stressed out about their child. However, we hope that with this information we have been able to help relieve some of your stress so that you know what you can expect. Happy parenting!

Did you find this blog on the baby’s first year, useful? Please share your thoughts with us in the comments section!

This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

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| May 25, 2016

Nice blog, thanks preeti.

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| May 25, 2016

Thank you Laura hope this would clear few confusions among first time mothers.

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| May 25, 2016

thanku for such an informative blog. :) Really helpful:)

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| May 25, 2016

Thank you Himanshi

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| May 25, 2016

Very informative stuff .. specially how to cure jaundice ... its helpful .. thnx Prity

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| May 25, 2016

Awesome read!! It's always good to read about fellow mothers and their worries. Makes you realize you are not the only one:-)

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| May 25, 2016

Preeti, very good article, worth reading. Very informative.

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| May 25, 2016

nice artical

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| May 26, 2016

thank u so much as I got so many answers for my questions.... it's vry helpful

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| May 26, 2016

Really good article.. worth reading it!!get 2 knw. Much about...

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| May 26, 2016

THank you Its really helpful..

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| May 27, 2016

thanks preeti.. very very useful artical

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| May 27, 2016

Thanks preeti.... really a help for me

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| May 27, 2016

really a nice n guiding article.

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| May 29, 2016

nice information thank u

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| May 29, 2016

Vry informative... Thanks

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| May 29, 2016

Very informative

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| May 29, 2016

great help

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| May 29, 2016

Good & Informative . Thnx a lot

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| May 29, 2016

thanks a lot

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| May 30, 2016

Thanks a lot. Very helpful. Can you please also share few information for children after one year of age. i. e. from 1-2 yrs of age as children become very fussy to eat and spend more time on activities like walking,exploring surroundings.. I have observed that kids at this age don't like to eat properly and may be don't again much weight and this is a concern for most of the parents. How to make meal time interesting ..as I find it more challenging and how much and what to feed them to gain healthy weight. Thank you

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| May 30, 2016

nice blog, covers max. worries of a first timer mom.

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| May 30, 2016

thank u and nice blog

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| May 31, 2016

Informative !! Thanks :)

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| May 31, 2016

Soo relieved and very informative.. Thank you!

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| May 31, 2016

Thank you all i am really happy with all your comments and the most important is it helped you all .

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| Jun 01, 2016

thank you very nice blog for first time mom

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| Jun 02, 2016

Very helpful and intresting blog

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| Jun 07, 2016

very informative

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| Jun 12, 2016

thank you for wonderful suggestions.

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| Jun 12, 2016

very helpful n informative..

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| Jun 12, 2016

thanx for the best advice

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| Jun 12, 2016

Good advice from your experience. thank you preeti

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| Jun 12, 2016

Thanks for your valuable suggestions. ...

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| Jun 13, 2016

Thank you for your valuable suggestions.

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| Jun 13, 2016

thank u for your valuable suggestion.

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| Jun 13, 2016

Loved the complete guide ..almost u have mentioned all the important informations for worried new mommies..

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| Jun 17, 2016

very usefull one . helped understnd quite well being a first time mother.... thanks a lot.

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| Jun 18, 2016

Thank you for your valuable suggestions

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| Jul 01, 2016

Very useful articles

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| Jul 03, 2016

Really great good and useful info

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| Jul 04, 2016

I was worried about the cranky acts of my son.. understood it's due to teething.. he is 8 months old.. Thank you for this post.

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| Jul 04, 2016

hi , i am pramitha ,mybaby girl is 10 months old but she has not been able to sit up on her own. she balances her body when we keep her in sitting position but is not doing it on her own. pls give some advice

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| Jul 04, 2016

Hi Pramitha, what is your child's weight? and does she roll over? what you can do is make her sit on your lap and sofa and also put her on tummy and remember every child is different and has different milestone to reach she will start sitting soon.

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| Jul 04, 2016

she is only 6 kg nw

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| Jul 05, 2016

such valuable information

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| Jul 06, 2016

My child hs completed his 6m he cannot sit he cn just roll half way and whn v gv him a slight push he turns on his tummy. He hs a heavy head is that the reason y he s taking time to turn fully or sit.. Plz comment

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| Jul 06, 2016

Hi Ghazala, do not worry my daughter started in 7th month to sit.

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| Jul 06, 2016

Thanks a ton preeti

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| Jul 07, 2016

My baby boy is 10months old he was born exactly 3kg.. but now he is only 9. 2kg is it ok.. shall i stop worrying about his weight what he is now.. or should i concentrate more on his food.. lyk every day its a challenge for me to feed him well..

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| Jul 12, 2016

My baby is 11 month old but his teeth is not coming till now. I worried alot about it

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| Jul 15, 2016

Hi Ritu, 10 month child's weight should be in between 7-11kg so he is not on very lower side so do not worry and keep trying to provide a balanced diet.

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| Jul 15, 2016

My daughter is of 16mnths but weights still 8. 5.. am worried wat should i do

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| Jul 19, 2016

Wonderful Suggestions

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| Jul 20, 2016

Hi, my son is 9months old but he is only 6. 88kg.. giving him all possible diet but he is not gaining weight.. his birth weird 3. 2kg.. please provide some suggestions

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| Jul 20, 2016

thanq for u r suggestions

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| Jul 21, 2016

Hi my son is 2 months old. Iam not having enough breast milk.. So am feeding milk powder... Can i give cow milk instead of milk powder.. Is cow milk safe to my child.. ?

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| Jul 21, 2016

Dear Savinaya! Don't give cow's milk until 1st birthday. Now you can give Lactogen 1.

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| Jul 21, 2016

My baby is 15 m old her weight is just 8. 7 kg and her birth weight is 3. 2 kg.. Is the weight she have is fine now.... What are the different foods that I have to try for my baby.. Give me suggestions...

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| Jul 21, 2016

My baby is 10 m old , before 8 m she ate banana and apple , and now after 10 m she stopped eating fruits and I am worrying about her weight she is 9 kg and decreased 1 kg when compared to last month ,pls suggest me what can I feed her

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| Jul 22, 2016

Hi Savinaya, You can give formula milk to your child these days pedeac do not recommend Cow milk till one year, you can give Nan Pro.

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| Aug 02, 2016

very good blog very helpful

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| Aug 03, 2016

very useful information

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| Sep 12, 2016

very informative blog

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| Sep 24, 2016

very useful ..I m enjoying looking at my baby's growing so fast. as mention plz. don't compare every child is different. Nan Pro formula milk is really good, I m not giving my baby the same direct ly as still breastfeeding, but I m adding this milk in his outside feed as in rice, suji,nachni satva so with this milk baby food becomes tasty

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| Nov 14, 2016

it is always we mother's who know what is best for our baby. regarding throwing out milk, I showed my baby to a paediatrician 2 times. the second time she asked me to do a scanning for my baby as she said it must be some problem in baby's abdomen. my baby was just 15 days old. somehow I couldn't digest her advice and showed her to another Dr, who advised me regarding my food intake and feeding methods. that sorted out my problem. my baby still throws out sometimes, but it s fine for me as she smiles at me after that. So I guess it is her way of intake.

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| Nov 24, 2016

Yes Uma, you are right.

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| Nov 30, 2016

thanx mam

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| Dec 13, 2016

Very informative blog. Thanks. But my baby is 2 months premature and now 2 months old. He vomits alot after every feed even after taking burp. I have to keep him in burping position for hours but he still vomits. Dr. Says this problem will be resolved with time. As for other activities not sure how soon he will begin the usual activities as per normal babies or a little late.

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| Dec 21, 2016

after reading it really very informative and well explained blog in simplest manner. I have one question my son is 1 month old and know whenever he wakes up from sleep he starts crying nd It is obvious he would be hungry nd cannot understand it but suddenly once my wife starts feeding him he stops crying nd while feeding he again goes to sleep, we are little concerned that will this become his habit to keep on crying nd every time he wants to get started feeding , should we wait for some time nd try some alternate things to first make his cry stop then after some time feed him ??

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| Dec 26, 2016

My baby has reachd almost 8 months(a week less) and she still doesn't crawl,though she is turning over n also coming to the crawl position. She being very slim is the reason i feel. But in the blog it's written that baby with little higher weight takes time to crawl.

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| Dec 29, 2016

Informative blog thnkzzzz

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| Dec 29, 2016

Hi Poojan, your baby is just one month old and he need to be fed after every two hours so it is good to feed him on demand and post six month this will change, you should be happy that he goes to sleep after feed. :)

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| Dec 29, 2016

Thank you deeba

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| Dec 29, 2016

Yes Deepika, do not worry, these days many babies doesnt crawl, however you encourage him to crawl as i have mentioned in the blog.

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