Pregnancy Calendar Week by Week

31 weeks and 1 day pregnant

31 weeks and 1 day pregnant
Reviewed by Expert panel

The amount of amniotic fluid within the uterus reaches its maximum over the next two weeks but will then start to reduce gradually. Measurements of the four deepest pockets of amniotic fluid can add up to 15–20cm (6–8in), allowing space for your baby to move.

If you listen to music while you’re pregnant, your baby will be tuning in, too – and it might just benefit her.

You might have noticed that your baby becomes more active when you’re listening to music. It’s been noted that unborn babies move and even breathe in time to music, and there have been claims that by exposing your baby to certain types of music, you can enhance her brain development.

One study, relating to a “Baby Mozart” brain-enhancing product, claimed that the structure of, say, a particular Mozart arrangement, stimulated brain development to a greater extent than other genres, and even other classical composers. This theory has, however, been debunked. Some research found that college-aged students who listened to classical music showed a brief and temporary improvement in spatial intelligence. However, the same research was not tested in children or babies. The research has not been repeated and the results are open to several different interpretations.

Whether or not it enhances your baby’s intelligence, listening to classical music can relax you, which is always a good thing during pregnancy. And if you gently sway to the music, your baby may enjoy being “rocked” to sleep.

What exactly is an “active birth”?

Having an “active birth” – staying mobile during the first stage of labour and remaining upright, squatting, kneeling, or on all-fours during the second stage – can make labour and delivery easier and less painful. Working with gravity helps your pelvis to open and encourages the baby’s head to press on your cervix, helping it to dilate. To get active:

  • Practise squatting: it takes time to learn to do it, but it’s an effective way to speed labour up. When squatting, make sure you have sufficient support – from your partner, for example.

  • Relax by kneeling with a birth ball or beanbag.

  • Use a birthing pool if you want to relax in water for a while.

  • If you need a drip, because you’ve been induced, ask for one with a long tube that will leave you free to move around a little.

  • Choose a mobile epidural, which should enable you to stay active.

  • If lying down makes your contractions stop, get up and start moving again.

You may be surprised to find that by now your perfectly formed navel is protruding. This is caused by the pressure of your rapidly expanding uterus, which presses against your abdomen and literally pops your belly button out.

Some women find their protruding navel unsightly, and choose to wear skirts or trousers with a high waistband to cover it; you can also invest in a belly band, which keeps it all tucked in.

A protruding navel is a normal consequence of pregnancy and it will return to normal a few months after delivery. However, you may find that, like other parts of your body, your navel sags a little more than it used to.

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This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

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| Dec 03, 2021

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