Enuresis Causes, Symptoms, Types & Treatment Tips in Children

Cheena M Gujral
3 to 7 years

Created by Cheena M Gujral
Updated on Jul 10, 2021

Enuresis Causes Symptoms Types Treatment Tips in Children
Reviewed by Expert panel

The recalls of a wet bed in the middle of the night still disturbs me when I used to wake up in dark and changed my son's clothes. However that habit or I can say disorder has been outgrown, but it made me well versed with the fact that timely handling of this issue is very important.

What is Enuresis in Children?

Urinary incontinence is loss of bladder control when a child is unable to hold urine and passes it in clothes or in bed. This is normal in kids under the age of 3 as they are quite young to understand the urge to urinate. Although, when this happens with children above 5 years of age, it is enuresis.

Types of Enuresis and Causes?

#1 Nocturnal Enuresis:

This is the most commonly found disorder when a child does the wetting at night.

Causes: If we talk about reasons for this type of urinary inconsistency, it could be generic without any major reasons. Still, the study explains a few causes of night bed wetting.

  • Anxiety or stress in a child can make him/her loss the control of the bladder. This leads to passing urine anyplace other than a washroom.
  • Deep sleepers are more known as bed wetters.
  • A constipated child can wet the bed as it pressurizes the bladder.
  • Urinary tract infections can also be a reason.
  • Family history also indicates the passing of this disorder in kids from generations.
  • Irregular washroom habits and drinking habits can urge the child to lose bladder control.

#2. Diurnal Enuresis:

This is a concerned problem when the child urinates in clothes during the day.


  • Anxiety or fear using the toilet or stress in a child's life can trigger this problem.
  • Irregular washroom habits and no toilet training can lead to day time wetting.
  • Not emptying the bladder fully at each toilet visit, can trouble the child to frequently urinate.
  • Overactive bladder can make a child completely lose the charge over it.

#3. Primary Enuresis:

This is an initial phase when the child has not mastered the technique to control the bladder.

#4. Secondary Enuresis:

When dry and wet days come randomly. Once the child gains the control and later start wetting again.


  • Underdevelopment can be a reason for this lost control in children.
  • Hormonal factors or genetics could be accountable.
  • Constipation or sleeping issues are always a general factor in wetting.

Signs & symptoms of Enuresis.

There are no major signs or complications in enuresis, except that your child is regular in wetting clothes or bed, twice a week for almost a couple of months. Sometimes abrupt physical, emotional or behavioral changes can hint towards changes in your child's lifestyle.

Enuresis Treatment Advice

Since it's a common problem so initial care can help bring the child to normal habits

  • Bladder training is one of the most effective treatment. Scheduled visits to washroom and bladder exercises, helps in controlling muscles.
  • Night waking schedule and practice is very good that will adopt a child to a healthy routine.
  • Changing timings of fluid intake is successful in many cases.
  • Avoiding caffeine, cola and chocolates are medically beneficial.
  • Counseling and therapies work well in improving emotional or behavioral quotient of a child.

Parental help and guidance is the best remedy we can talk about in such scenarios. Don't scold or blame your child for this disorder. Eventually, everyone overgrows this with the right age. So be attentive with the signs, comfort him/her to adjust and overcome.

Study says girls get early control on bladder than boys and only 1 percent of kids are left untreatable. So a positive approach is all that enuresis demands for. Catch hold on it before it controls your child's bladder.


This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

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| Aug 02, 2018

thank you for sharing

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| Aug 05, 2018


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| Feb 12, 2019


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| Jul 10, 2019

yes.. it could be generative . at my child age I continued upto 14 yrs.. nw my baby too wet the bed.. is it ok??

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