Important test during pregnancy
Created by Dr Pooja Mittal Updated on Jun 08, 2021
First Trimester Test
The tests during the initial 3 months of pregnancy are of utmost importance. These tests will ascertain the risks of the diseases and congenital disabilities in the development fetus. These tests are as follows.
- Pregnancy Blood Test - The blood test involves a small prick of a needle in the arm vein though which the blood will be extracted with the help of syringe. The blood test is carried out to determine a few things in a pregnant woman such as immunity to Rubella and Chicken-pox, Hepatitis B, Syphilis, HIV, Haemoglobin level, RH status, Blood-grouping and exposure to Toxoplasmosis.
Ultrasound Scanning - The Ultrasound scanning is basically carried out to assure the pregnancy and to calculate the due date.
Urine Pregnancy Test - Under ‘urine test’ the sample of the urine if collected to test the urinary tract infections, kidney problem, level of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin and the presence of glucose in urine.
- Plasma Protein Screening (PAPP-A) - This test is executed to ascertain the chromosomes’ level in the body. Through this screening any genetic disorder can easily be prevented.
- Nuchal Translucency – This test is carried out to check the Down Syndromes Trisomy 21 and Trisomy 18.
Second Trimester Test
After the completion of your first semester you will be entering your 2nd trimester. You won’t have to worry as much as in your first semester because during the period of your initial first 3 months of pregnancy the chances of unplanned miscarriages are high. However, once you enter the second trimester the chances reduced by 50%. There are few tests that are important in nature to be carried out after 1st trimester which are as follows.
- Blood Test
- Urine Test
- Spinal Tube Defects
- Down Syndrome
- Gestational Diabetes
- Triple Marker Test
- Quadruple Marker Test
- Ultrasound Scanning – Out of all the tests this is very important in ever trimester of pregnancy to make sure the growth of the baby in the normal range, measuring the length of the cervix, checking the fetal movements and development of the vital organs in the body.
Watch the video as Dr Pooja explains about the important test which should not be missed during pregnancy.