7 Polio Facts You Should Know
Created by Ekta Updated on Jan 28, 2019
World Health Organisation (WHO) describes polio as a highly infectious disease, which affects children in the age group of 0-5 years. That's the reason a maximum number of vaccinations are given to your child in initial years, in order to prevent them from getting affected with such viruses. So, does polio still exist in India? Is it curable? Even though there is no cure for Polio, but it can certainly be prevented if your child takes proper vaccinations.
Frequently Asked Questions on Polio
Read answers to the following questions to find out more...
|FAQs on Polio||Answers|
|What Is Polio?||Polio is a highly infectious viral disease, which affects children under 0-5 years.|
|How does it spread?||Transmitted by person-to-person, spread mainly through the fecal-oral route or, by contaminated water or food. Multiplies in the intestine can also enter the nervous system.|
|Symptoms||Fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness of the neck and pain in the limbs|
|Prevention||By stimulating your child's immune system with Polio vaccinations|
|Types of vaccinations||-OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
-IPV (Injectable Polio Vaccine)
|Dosage||-OPV: The first dose is given to newborn baby, then 3 doses of OPV and IPV 4 weeks apart at 6th, 10th and 14th week.
-Followed by booster doses of OPV and IPV, at 15th to 18th month &
-A booster dose of OPV at 5 years.
-And pulse polio doses on every national immunization day conducted by the government
|India, polio-free||India was declared polio-free in March 2014. It is still important for us to take the
vaccine till polio is eradicated globally.
Still prevalent in Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan