Viral Fever In Children - Symptoms, Treatment, Protection Tips

Dr Shipra Mathur
3 to 7 years

Created by Dr Shipra Mathur
Updated on Jul 05, 2019

Viral Fever In Children Symptoms Treatment Protection Tips
Reviewed by Expert panel

As the summer heat gets to us, we look forward to the rains to provide a much-needed respite. Monsoon is indeed welcome!

With it though, come some illnesses that we are now familiar with. The increased humidity and dampness promote multiplication and spread of several bacteria and viruses. These illnesses could be- mosquito-borne fevers like dengue and malaria, gastrointestinal infections, cold and flu, and other nonspecific viral illnesses. These affect babies and young children more easily given their underdeveloped immune system.

Symptoms of Viral Fever

The main symptom of a viral infection is, as the name implies, is a fever. This may vary from being a once a day episode only to recurrent high fever depending on the type of infection. There may be associated chills, sore throat, diarrhea, fatigue, skin rash, a runny nose or congestion.

Most viral fevers in kids last 3 to 4 days. However, some exceptions are fevers from influenza or mononucleosis, which can take about 10 days to go.

Generally, viral infections are less alarming than bacterial infections. But it is very difficult to distinguish between viral and bacterial fevers in the initial days. The fever pattern and presence of other symptoms can often help to identify a specific cause of the fever. Therefore it's better to consult your doctor instead of continuing to self-medicate with over the counter medicines. A fever that persists beyond 3-4 days or has carried on without an obvious reason will require examination and may need some investigations.

Treatment of Viral Fever

  1. Antibiotics are of no use in viral fevers, as they do not work against viruses. The main aim is to keep the child comfortable by reducing fever and maintaining hydration.
  2. Use anti-fever medication in the doses prescribed.
  3. Provide plenty of water and warm fluids such as soup.
  4. Provide ORS to prevent dehydration if there are loose motions
  5. Use nasal saline drops for a blocked or congested nose where there is associated cold/cough

Protecting Your Child From Viral Infections

Here are some tips for keeping your children healthy during the monsoon season-

  1. Avoid giving too much junk food to children. When eating out, be mindful of hygiene and avoid street food during monsoon. Homemade well-cooked food is preferable. Avoid reheating food.
  2. Avoid giving water-based fruits like watermelon and muskmelon, as these are more suitable for summers.
  3. Preferably bathe your children in hot water instead of cold water.
  4. Encourage children to practice good personal hygiene such as washing hands frequently
  5. Make them wear protective light clothing
  6. Take the flu shot as the season changes
  7. Avoid close contact with other children and adults suffering from viral fever


I hope these tips will help you. A little extra care and you can enjoy the monsoon even more!


This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

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| Sep 30, 2018

mam, please suggest, how to take care my toddler who is going to face others toddlers with viral infection in play group school.

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| Nov 05, 2018

Mam my son is suffering from ear infection and chest infection so he got graver we went pidiyatric he has started yantibayatic from today morning but graver is not control pl help me

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| May 05, 2019


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| May 18, 2019


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| Sep 29, 2019

My son is a very poor eater. Being early born his immunity is very low. Also he's a bit of CP patient as he has stiffness in his hands n legs. What can be recommended to increase his food intake

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| May 06, 2021


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| Aug 06, 2022

Your writing is really informative, especially because it's so meaningful and updated. Thanks for sharing this wonderful post! Your writing is really great. I’m so glad I read it. It kept me hooked the whole way through. Thanks for this information. I really appreciate the information that you have provided.

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