Health

How to Prevent Mother-Child HIV Transmission

Dr Himani Narula Khanna
Pregnancy

Created by Dr Himani Narula Khanna
Updated on Jan 25, 2019

How to Prevent Mother Child HIV Transmission
Reviewed by Expert panel

As the United Nations AIDS (UNAIDS) Organisation revealed that the theme for this year AIDS day is the Prevention of HIV transmission. So what better way to stop the pandemic by reducing the chances of HIV transmission from a mother to a child? Mother to Child HIV transmission occurs when an HIV-infected woman gives birth to a child. The chances of HIV transmission increase also during breastfeeding. 

Prerna (name changed) was a healthy woman in her prime 20s and pregnant. Life was good, till her doctor suggested an HIV test. ‘Why?’ Prerna asked the doctor and the doctor replied, "it is a normal routine test Prerna, nothing to be scared about!" "But, why me doctor?" she asked again in an agitated voice. She knew there was nothing wrong with her and so she told her doctor that she will not go for a test, even if it kept her identity anonymous. So it was a bad shock to the new parents when the doctor informed them that their newborn was HIV infected.

"How?" "Why?" There were so many questions raging in their minds. So, in this blog our expert Dr. Himani Khanna, Developmental Paediatrician, Artemis (Gurgaon), talks about the ways an HIV-infected woman can give birth to a non-HIV infected baby.

How Is HIV Transmitted From Mother To Child?

Mother to Child HIV transmission occurs when an HIV infected woman gives birth to a child. The chances of HIV transmission increase also during breastfeeding. Our expert Dr. Himani Khanna, says that early detection can prevent the transmission, here she talks about the ways an HIV-infected woman can give birth to a non-HIV infected baby.

Ways to Prevent Mother-Child HIV Transmission

Since mother to child transmission being the most common way (90%) of HIV transmission, it is important to know all the preventive measures that may help in preventing childhood AIDS. Here are the steps to prevent transmission. Read here

Preventing Transmission During Pregnancy

  1. Testing: HIV testing to detect it, as early as possible during pregnancy and or before a woman gets pregnant, is one of the most crucial steps in early detection. So, even if you are pregnant or are trying to get pregnant then do opt for HIV test. It will save you a lot of trouble
  2. Prenatal Treatment: Women with HIV receive HIV medicine during pregnancy and childbirth.
    1. HIV medications are safe during pregnancy and have not been found to cause any birth defects
    2. These medications work by preventing the multiplication of virus thereby reducing its amount in the mother’s body. Thus reducing the risk of passing the virus to the fetus!
    3. These HIV medications get transmitted via the placenta to the fetus and thereby protect the baby from infection
    4. With HIV medicine the transmission risk from mother to child reduces drastically. The chances of passing the virus to the child are high (15-45%) if the infected mother is untreated, as compared to a mother who has been under treatment (5%)

Preventing Transmission During Child Birth

It is also noticed that the chances of HIV transmissions are high during vaginal deliveries as compared to cesarean deliveries. Hence, doctors advise continuing HIV medications, and a pregnant woman may undergo a planned cesarean section in certain cases.

Preventing Transmission During Breastfeeding

If the mother is on HIV medications she may be encouraged to practice safe breastfeeding practices. However, the mother and family should be well informed about the chances of transmission of HIV via Breast milk and that mothers may avoid breastfeeding. [Know More - 8 Ways to Know What If Child is HIV Positive]

Treatment Advice If A Child Born to An HIV-infected Mother

For an HIV-infected person, the family’s support is extremely important. Awareness among and support from family can help prevent many cases of these mother-child transmissions. On this World AIDS Day, let’s take a pledge to prevent HIV transmission from a pregnant mother to child and try to curb AIDS – the most destructive global pandemics in history.

  • Babies born to HIV positive women should receive HIV medication for 4 to 6 weeks after birth.
  • Early testing to determine a child’s HIV status is quite important because we must know that a child with HIV-positive status, without treatment half of the infected children, won’t make it to their second birthday.

Those receiving treatment, however, can thrive and remain healthy well into adulthood. [Check More - How to Help HIV Infected Child?]

References Taken:

  1. aidsinfo.nih.gov
  2. who.int
  3. hiv.gov
  4. avert.org

Did you find this blog on preventing HIV transmission from mother to child, informative? Please do share your thoughts and feedback in the comments section below. We would love to hear from you.

 

This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

  • 20
Comments ()
Kindly Login or Register to post a comment.

| Dec 01, 2017

This is a very informative post.

  • Reply | 1 Reply
  • Report

| Apr 11, 2018

Thanks for sharing this blog!

  • Reply
  • Report

| Apr 11, 2018

Useful. Thanks.

  • Reply
  • Report

| Mar 29, 2019

n'y

  • Reply
  • Report

| Jan 18, 2020

I'm so excited my broken Marriage has been restored my ex husband is back after he left me and our 2kids for another woman. i was so happy to met Dr. OKu how he help many people to bring there Lover back so i contact him to help me too. that was how Dr. Oku help me to bring my husband back.. A big thank to you Dr. Oku because I never thought my ex Husband will be back to me so quickly with your spell. You are the best and world greatest. if you are here and you need your Ex Lover back or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact this powerful spell caster now. Here’s his contact: Email him at: okutemple@gmail. com You can also Call/WhatsApp:+2347053113465

  • Reply
  • Report

| Jan 18, 2020

I'm so excited my broken Marriage has been restored my ex husband is back after he left me and our 2kids for another woman. i was so happy to met Dr. OKu how he help many people to bring there Lover back so i contact him to help me too. that was how Dr. Oku help me to bring my husband back.. A big thank to you Dr. Oku because I never thought my ex Husband will be back to me so quickly with your spell. You are the best and world greatest. if you are here and you need your Ex Lover back or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact this powerful spell caster now. Here’s his contact: Email him at: okutemple@gmail. com You can also Call/WhatsApp:+2347053113465

  • Reply
  • Report

| Mar 30, 2020

I WANT TO LET THE WORLD KNOW ABOUT THE MIGHTY SPELL CASTER DR OKEKE ODIN WHO HELPED ME BROUGHT BACK MY HUSBAND BACK HOME TO MY KIDS. I WAS MARRIED TO MY HUSBAND WILLIAM SCOTCH FOR SEVEN YEARS AND WE LIVED HAPPILY TOGETHER UNTIL A CERTAIN DAY HE JUST WOKE UP FROM SLEEP TO TELL ME THAT HE DOES NOT LOVE ME ANY MORE. AT FIRST I TAUGHT IT WAS A JOKE BUT WITH TIME I BECAME TO SEE THAT HE WAS SERIOUS. WE ALREADY HAVE TWO KIDS TOGETHER AND I WAS ALREADY PREGNANT FOR MY THIRD BABY. SO A DAY CAME WHEN HE JUST ARRANGED HIS BAGS AND SAID HE WAS LEAVING THE HOUSE FOR GOOD AND NOT LONGER INTERESTED IN THE RELATIONSHIP. I FOUND OUT THAT HE WAS IN LOVE WITH ANOTHER GIRL AND THEY BOTH TRAVELED OUT OF THE STATE. AS I WAS READING THROUGH THE INTERNET ABOUT DIVORCE, I READ ABOUT THIS GREAT SPELL CASTER DR OKEKE SO I CONTACTED HIM FOR HELP. HE TOLD ME NOT TO WORRY THAT IN JUST 48 HOURS, THAT MY HUSBAND WAS GOING TO COME BACK. I NEVER BELIEVED HIM UNTIL THE FOLLOWING DAY WHEN MY HUSBAND CAME TO THE HOUSE ASKING FOR MY FORGIVENESS. NOW WE ARE HAPPY TOGETHER WITH OUR KIDS AND THE EVIL WOMAN THAT CAUSE THE PROBLEM IN MY MARRIAGE WAS SENT AWAY BY MY HUSBAND. YOU CAN CONTACT DR OKEKE TODAY TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE OR RELATIONSHIP REACH HIM ON HIS (writelovespell@gmail. com) or reach him on whatsAp on +2348140443360 HE IS THE BEST SPELL CASTER AND SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEMS AND PREDICAMENTS HE CAN ALSO HELP WITH THE FOLLOWING PROBLEM 1. DIVORCE SPELL 2. HERPES CURE 3. CANCER CURE 4. PREGNANCY SPELL 5. DIABETES CURE 6. MARRIGE SPELL AND MANY MORE

  • Reply
  • Report

| Mar 30, 2020

laura please do not advertise here

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 10, 2020

I'm so excited my broken Marriage has been restored my ex husband is back after he left me and our 2kids for another woman. i was so happy to met Dr. OKu how he help many people to bring there Lover back so i contact him to help me too. that was how Dr. Oku help me to bring my husband back.. A big thank to you Dr. Oku because I never thought my ex Husband will be back to me so quickly with your spell. You are the best and world greatest. if you are here and you need your Ex Lover back or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact this powerful spell caster now. Here’s his contact:Email him at: okutemple@gmail. com You can also Call/WhatsApp:+2347053113465

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 10, 2020

I'm so excited my broken Marriage has been restored my ex husband is back after he left me and our 2kids for another woman. i was so happy to met Dr. OKu how he help many people to bring there Lover back so i contact him to help me too. that was how Dr. Oku help me to bring my husband back.. A big thank to you Dr. Oku because I never thought my ex Husband will be back to me so quickly with your spell. You are the best and world greatest. if you are here and you need your Ex Lover back or your husband moved to another woman, do not cry anymore, contact this powerful spell caster now. Here’s his contact:Email him at: okutemple@gmail. com You can also Call/WhatsApp:+2347053113465

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 10, 2020

Houston please DO NOT PROMOTE YOUR BRAND HERE!

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 10, 2020

Do not promote your brand here Houston !

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 10, 2020

Houston PLEASE DO NOT DO PROMOTION OF BRANDS HERE.

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 29, 2020

I never thought that i will ever have a normal life again thinking I'll never get out of this hiv virus in my whole life but i was wrong. My story goes thus: I found dr tokubo contact in a post i followed online, I copied the email and contacted him because i read about how he cure a man of hiv and that he have herbal remedy for cancer, yeast infection,HIV, Herpes e. t. c. I told him all he needed to know about my hiv status and he told me to relax and stay calm that he will help me by sending his medicine to me via courier delivery and he did as he promised.  I received my healing within 10 days of using his herbal remedy. my lost joy came back alive as there is no more HIV, no symptoms, no fear of transmitting the virus to my love ones. Now I'm in a relationship and my sex life is awesome.  All these happened last month ago and I decided to keep silent because I wanted to be sure of the healing. Now I'm saying this because I have undergone series of medical check up and all results came out negative. At first i thought it was just a joke until i tried it out and it worked perfectly well.  The doctor never asked me to talk about him but I see it as my little way of showing other people out there need his herbal medicine to be cured.   You can reach dr tokubo via his email at: drtokubotemple@gmail. com or you can whatsapp him on: +2349037990322

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 29, 2020

I never thought that i will ever have a normal life again thinking I'll never get out of this hiv virus in my whole life but i was wrong. My story goes thus: I found dr tokubo contact in a post i followed online, I copied the email and contacted him because i read about how he cure a man of hiv and that he have herbal remedy for cancer, yeast infection,HIV, Herpes e. t. c. I told him all he needed to know about my hiv status and he told me to relax and stay calm that he will help me by sending his medicine to me via courier delivery and he did as he promised.  I received my healing within 10 days of using his herbal remedy. my lost joy came back alive as there is no more HIV, no symptoms, no fear of transmitting the virus to my love ones. Now I'm in a relationship and my sex life is awesome.  All these happened last month ago and I decided to keep silent because I wanted to be sure of the healing. Now I'm saying this because I have undergone series of medical check up and all results came out negative. At first i thought it was just a joke until i tried it out and it worked perfectly well.  The doctor never asked me to talk about him but I see it as my little way of showing other people out there need his herbal medicine to be cured.   You can reach dr tokubo via his email at: drtokubotemple@gmail. com or you can whatsapp him on: +2349037990322,

  • Reply
  • Report

| May 29, 2020

I never thought that i will ever have a normal life again thinking I'll never get out of this hiv virus in my whole life but i was wrong. My story goes thus: I found dr tokubo contact in a post i followed online, I copied the email and contacted him because i read about how he cure a man of hiv and that he have herbal remedy for cancer, yeast infection,HIV, Herpes e. t. c. I told him all he needed to know about my hiv status and he told me to relax and stay calm that he will help me by sending his medicine to me via courier delivery and he did as he promised.  I received my healing within 10 days of using his herbal remedy. my lost joy came back alive as there is no more HIV, no symptoms, no fear of transmitting the virus to my love ones. Now I'm in a relationship and my sex life is awesome.  All these happened last month ago and I decided to keep silent because I wanted to be sure of the healing. Now I'm saying this because I have undergone series of medical check up and all results came out negative. At first i thought it was just a joke until i tried it out and it worked perfectly well.  The doctor never asked me to talk about him but I see it as my little way of showing other people out there need his herbal medicine to be cured.   You can reach dr tokubo via his email at: drtokubotemple@gmail. com or you can whatsapp him on: +2349037990322

  • Reply
  • Report

| Jun 04, 2020

I have been married with my wife for 6 years and recently she broke up with me and it hurt me deeply when she told me to leave her alone and that she does not love me anymore when i was always faithful and honest to her. I tried all the ways to get her back buying her what she wants like i always did and she still left me heart broken and she even has a new boyfriend which destroyed me even more until a friend of mine from high school directed me to Dr Emu. This man changed my life completely. I followed everything he told me to do and my wife came back. I was stunned everything happened exactly like he told me. I had faith in everything he told me and everything was true. You can contact him via email: Emutemple@gmail. com He will help you in anything you need and quick to answer once you contact him through his whats-app number: +2347012841542 For more destails about Dr Emu you can visit his Website: http://emutemple.website2.me/

  • Reply
  • Report

| Jun 04, 2020

I have been married with my wife for 6 years and recently she broke up with me and it hurt me deeply when she told me to leave her alone and that she does not love me anymore when i was always faithful and honest to her. I tried all the ways to get her back buying her what she wants like i always did and she still left me heart broken and she even has a new boyfriend which destroyed me even more until a friend of mine from high school directed me to Dr Emu. This man changed my life completely. I followed everything he told me to do and my wife came back. I was stunned everything happened exactly like he told me. I had faith in everything he told me and everything was true. You can contact him via email: Emutemple@gmail. com He will help you in anything you need and quick to answer once you contact him through his whats-app number: +2347012841542 For more destails about Dr Emu you can visit his Website: http://emutemple.website2.me/

  • Reply
  • Report

| Jun 27, 2020

How to have your husband back home with your kids again I'm a lady with 2 kids i am from Houston Texa, my husband leave me and his 2 kids for about 10 months i go through a lot of pain i do all i could to make him returned to me and to his kids but nothing works out. it was really a stressful period to me because i could dint go through the heartbreak. i was told to get a love spell doctor contacted to help me out which i did i was lucky to get DR. PEPOKO Contact who was able to help me out, he cast up a love spell that brought back my husband to me and to his kids thanks so much DR. PEPOKO I really appreciate what you have done for me. here he his contact if you may required for it by solving your relationship email. Pepokospiritemple@gmail. com call whatssap +2348156148821 Here is also Dr. PEPOKO website you can visit it yourself www. pepokospiritemple. blogspot. com

  • Reply
  • Report
+ Start A Blog

Top Health Blogs

Ambili S Kartha

Featured Mombassador

Pregnancy

Ask your queries to Doctors & Experts

Download APP
Loading
{{trans('web/app_labels.text_Heading')}}

{{trans('web/app_labels.text_some_custom_error')}}

{{trans('web/app_labels.text_Heading')}}

{{trans('web/app_labels.text_some_custom_error')}}