Pregnancy

First Month Pregnancy Symptoms, Precautions & What To Eat

Shikha Batra
Pregnancy

Created by Shikha Batra
Updated on Feb 10, 2020

First Month Pregnancy Symptoms Precautions What To Eat
Reviewed by Expert panel

'Congratulations! You are pregnant!' This good news of being pregnant is exhilarating enough for the couple to be on cloud nine. As soon as the news is broken and even before it sinks in, the pregnant couple is bombarded with advice from friends and relatives. Most of the advice focuses on precautions, food choices and health.

The first month of pregnancy is very crucial. The news could come in as a surprise, but the physical changes may start to occur even before the woman gets to know she is pregnant. The body is working overtime to grow a human. Hormonal changes also accelerate and cause mood swings during the first month.

All this could be overwhelming for the pregnant woman to deal with. During this delicate time, the precautions and being aware of changes taking place in the body could prepare the mom-to-be for a smooth pregnancy.

What are the most common pregnancy signs and symptoms in the first month of pregnancy?

A missed period is the first sign of pregnancy noticed by the woman. The early signs of pregnancy at first month are not usually always apparent. Some of the symptoms which may appear include:

  • Bloating

  • Mood swings

  • Lower backache

  • Cramping

  • Spotting

  • Frequent urination

  • Fatigue

  • Sensitive and sore breasts

  • Nausea

  • Feeling full

  • Food cravings and food aversions

  • Constipation

  • Headaches

  • Sensitive gums

  • Nasal congestion

  • Redness in palms

  • Not having much of a sex drive

  • Pigmentation in face and body

  • Itching

  • Spider veins

All women might not necessarily experience most or any of these changes. Besides, there is no fixed time to go through these conditions. Some might experience these symptoms in the first trimester, some in the second and/or third and while others might not experience these at all.

How Early Can the Pregnancy Be Confirmed?

As early as ten days after the first period is missed, pregnancy can be confirmed. The levels of HCG hormone in the urine increase substantially on becoming pregnant. Home pregnancy kits can test this increase once HCG reaches detectable levels. The body needs time to develop detectable levels of HCG.

How To Check Pregnancy At Home?

OTC (Over-the-counter) pregnancy tests are available in medical stores which typically test the urine for a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). hCG is present only if one is pregnant. It is released only if a fertilized egg attaches outside the uterus or to the uterine lining. Most of these home tests are accurate. Retesting is advisable if one gets a negative pregnancy test and still does not have her periods within a few days.

Should You Visit a Doctor Immediately After Discovering Pregnancy?

The pregnant couple should schedule a prenatal visit as soon as they get to know they are pregnant i.e. when you are about 6-8 weeks pregnant counting from the first day of the last menstrual period.

Is Ultrasound Safe During Pregnancy?

An ultrasound is taken using a special machine with a hand-held scanner which is connected to a computer. Sound Waves are bounced off your baby's body to create the picture. It provides parents with the first glimpses of their developing baby. It can be done at any stage of pregnancy and is safe for the mom-to-be and the baby.

How Many Ultrasounds Are Needed During Pregnancy?

Most healthy women receive two ultrasound scans during pregnancy. The first is within 8 to 14 weeks to confirm pregnancy, evaluate gestational age and to rule out or identify any major abnormalities in early development.   The second scan is scheduled between 18-22 weeks to confirm normal anatomy.

A repeat ultrasound is offered if there are any problems or abnormalities detected with these initial ultrasound or if a woman comes in a high-risk population due to medical issues such as diabetes or hypertension, or increased weight and age.

What Precautions To Take During the First Month of Pregnancy?

The pregnancy will bring changes that could be overwhelming for the moms-to-be. The handy checklist given below will guide you with tips that will help you cope up with the physical and mental demands of pregnancy.

Is Travel By Air Safe In the First Month?

The chances of miscarriage are highest in the first trimester. It is advisable to get a green signal from your doctor before you plan any such trips especially those involving long haul flights. Sitting or not moving for long periods of time can increase the risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) which is a condition in which blood clots form in the veins in the legs or other parts of the body.

What Food to Eat During the First Month of Pregnancy?

Healthy nutritious foods will ensure a healthy pregnancy. The highly nutritious food that pregnant women must eat during pregnancy includes:

What Food To Avoid During Pregnancy?

Avoid any uncooked poultry, raw meat like sushi or seafood that has an increased risk of being contaminated by bacteria such as salmonella. Raw eggs should also be avoided as these too could be potentially contaminated with salmonella. Avoid soft cheeses and unpasteurized milk which can cause listeria. Abstain from having unwashed fruits and vegetables as traces of soil present in them can contain a parasite called toxoplasma which can cause toxoplasmosis.

Nurturing another life inside your womb is a unique experience that is the basis and essence of motherhood. Pregnancy is an emotionally and physically challenging period for women. The first month is an extremely critical time for your baby's development. 

How did you manage in the crucial first month of pregnancy? Do share your experience with us.

References:

1. Signs of Pregnancy & Physical Limitations: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3599678/

2. Risk of Pregnancy Loss: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532992/

3. Home Pregnancy Test: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4119102/

4. Diet in Pregnancy: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5084016/

5. Physical Activities During Pregnancy: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206837/

6. Food to Avoid: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5682869/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294644/

This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

  • Comment
Comments()
Kindly Login or Register to post a comment.
+ Start A Blog

Top Pregnancy Blogs

Ask your queries to Doctors & Experts

Download APP
Loading
{{trans('web/app_labels.text_Heading')}}

{{trans('web/app_labels.text_some_custom_error')}}

{{trans('web/app_labels.text_Heading')}}

{{trans('web/app_labels.text_some_custom_error')}}