Neonate Vision Development In Baby All you need to know
Created by Dr. Surbhi Saini Updated on Jul 10, 2018
in first year of life infant’s vision develops quickly and its important to track it by parents and know if there are irregularities present, as vision forms the base of other milestones like recognition, hand grasp, hand eye coordination as well.
Let’s look into the various stages of this process
At birth, baby’s pupils are quite small limiting the amount of light that enters. They mostly utilize the peripheral vision as central vision is still developing. Retina begins to mature with the progression of first month of birth. Hence, neonates are mostly attracted towards bright objects and objects that are near to them rather than at the end of the room
By the age of 2 months, the eye coordination of both eyes is still developing and you might notice little deviation of eyes towards sides which in most cases is normal and eventually gets better as the focus improves. But if you seem to notice that deviation is too much toward side or towards nose than you might to check with your paediatrician.
By 3 months, eyes start to move together and track a nearby object and there develops considerable eye hand movements.
By age of 5-8months, the indepth perception of things develop also known as babies start realising how near or far the object is. Their color vision starts to improve though not as much as adults.they recognise their parents across the room.they may remember the objects they once saw.
By this age i.e by 8 months,a baby starts crawling further enabling the hand eye coordination and in depth perception of things.
By age of 9-12months,they start judging distance pretty well and start holding things and going upto them. Their pincer grasp which is holding things between forefinger and thumb develops,and they can very well hold things and transfer them as well. By 10 months,their eye color reaches to its final color though some changes can be seen later as well. Their vision fully develops by age of 12 months and also starts focussing on objects both near and far
Points to watchout for
- Watch out for any significant problem in eyes like inward and outward turning or eyes.
- Delays in recognition of objects,hand eye coordination.
- Any eye disease can be ruled out with periodic screening with an ophthalmologist
- Avoid using any home made products like kajal in infants eyes,it may cause infection and is highly discouraged.
- Giving baby a nutritious diet and engaging her in age appropriate games.