Oral healthcare during pregnancy
Created by Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta Updated on Jul 11, 2017
During pregnancy, due to an increase in estrogen and progesterone hormones, mothers may experience changes in their oral health. Gum disease, bleeding gums, and sensitivity are some of the common complaints they may suffer from. Find a list of concerns here:
1. Pregnancy gingivitis- it is a condition characterised by red, swollen and tender gums. Bleeding gums can lead to discomfort and pain.
2. Periodontitis- It is a more critical form of gum disease. Sometimes, untreated gingivitis may lead to periodontitis
3. Besides gingivitis a pregnant woman is also at risk of ulcers, tumours and non cancerous growth in the mouth
4. Tooth mobility- During pregnancy, sometimes, ligaments and bones that support the teeth loosen and thus result in tooth mobility.
5. Dental caries—Increased acidity and intake of sugary snacks may result in dental caries.
6. Tooth erosion- vomiting and morning sickness increases exposure to gastric acid and thus may result in tooth erosion.
Oral care during pregnancy
But a bit of extra care is all it takes to get your oral health back on track. Read the suggestions here:
- Routine dental checkup- this can be done anytime while you are pregnant. Give your dentist details of medications including names and doses so that dental treatment can be planned accordingly. Do keep your obstetrician in the loop for any dental treatment you take.
- If dental x-ray is needed, it can be done under expert supervision and with precautions--The dentist is required to shield your abdomen and thyroid to safeguard you and baby.
- Follow basic dental hygiene routine—1)Brush your teeth daily before going to bed, and in the morning. Use a brush with soft bristles. Clean the gum lines 2)Floss each day 3) Use fluoride toothpaste if possible
- Morning sickness: In case brushing aggravates morning sickness, rinse mouth with water and have a sip of some non-sugary drink before brushing.
- Rinse thoroughly: Remember to rinse your mouth properly after vomiting.
- Eat healthy and balanced diet. Avoid snacks rich in sugar. Add milk, cheese, banana, curd and other calcium-rich foods to your diet. Avoid food that causes flatulence and are acidic in nature. Minimize intake of fast foods.
- Protect teeth from erosion: To prevent tooth erosion, rinse mouth with 1 teaspoon baking soda dissolved in 1 cup of water.
- Ask your doctor to prescribe antacid in last semester of pregnancy for relief from gastric reflux.
Keep in mind
With the above mentioned steps, you should not have too much trouble in your pregnancy vis-a-vi your dental health. Here are some pointers to keep in mind:
- In case of any changes in your gum talk to your dentist.
- During pregnancy, calcium needed for the development of the baby is supplied by our diet, so it is just a myth that calcium leaches from teeth during pregnancy.
- If there are any elective procedures to be done, it is better they are postponed.
| Jun 22, 2016
Important oral healthcare tips that are generally neglected during pregnancy.
| May 18, 2016
Quite useful tips for expecting mommies.
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