How to Reduce Vaccination Pain or Swelling or Redness & more?
Created by Ambili S Kartha Updated on Nov 13, 2019
Nowadays there are several debates going on regarding vaccination. There are people advocating for and against vaccination. However, vaccination is considered as a social responsibility by most of the people. All the same, approaching baby vaccination date gives most of the mothers sleepless nights. This is because most of the immunizations / vaccinations are given as shots. No mother likes to watch their baby in pain after the shots.
Do you know a fact that before their second birthday, babies get around 20 shots in the name of vaccinations? Some vaccines cause more uneasiness than others. Vaccination pain in infants can make the baby unmanageable. But here are few tips to soothe baby from the post-vaccination shot . Continue reading to know the ways to ease your baby's vaccination pain.
What Are Vaccines?
Vaccines are the biological preparation that contains inactivated or weakened infectious agents. Injecting vaccination will help the infant to develop antibodies against specific infections. It not only saves the child from preventable, yet dreadful diseases, but it also helps to eradicate several dreadful diseases from the community.
Ways to Reduce Vaccination Injection Pain or Swelling
Here are the few tips, hints, and a few tactics to relief from swelling or pain after vaccination shots in infants.
Breastfeed Frequently:Breastfeeding is an excellent means of injection pain relief for babies. A recent study proves that babies who were breastfed during the vaccination cried less. Breastfeeding will ease your baby's tears and fears with its soothing effect. Usually, cranky babies reduce to eat. Hungry and pain after vaccination together with low-grade fever will make the baby crabbier. Breastfeeding is strongly recommended for vaccination pain in infants. It will help to hydrate the baby. Please note that after an oral vaccine never breastfeed for ½ an hour as there are increased chances for the baby to vomit out the vaccine.
Opt Either Painless Injection or Combination Shots:Nowadays, two types of immunization shots are available. 'Painful' and a 'Painless'. It is basically whole-cell and acellular vaccine respectively. When the baby is given the whole-cell vaccine, he or she develops a fever, pain, and redness around the spot of injection, while in acellular form, which contains fewer antigens pose no such side effects. As a result, they lower the pain that your infant might experience otherwise. It is costlier than the whole-cell vaccine. Some of the vaccines also come as combination shots. Vaccinations for several diseases can be combined into a single shot. This way, you can reduce the number of injections your baby requires, which in turn reduces vaccination pain
Restrict the Movement:The majority of the vaccination shots are usually given in the thigh (apart from the BCG shot that is given in the arm). Therefore the upper thigh area will swell with pain, making the movement more painful. For that reason, never let the older children walk or move the leg fast and likewise, hold the infants in a correct position. This will ease the pain of vaccination to some extent. To restrict their movement, obviously, stay very close to them. On the other hand, you should be concerned about mobility if you notice the kid is not able to move around like before even after two days of the vaccination
Distract the Infant:One of the best ways to help your baby calm down after being vaccinated is to distract him. here are some simple tricks to distract the baby from the vaccination pain. You can pick that suits you and your baby's age: Hold your baby on your lap and sing to him, tell him stories or talk to him in the soothing sound Readout his favorite storybook Give him a new toy. Anything new will grab the baby's attention for a while, playing a game of peek-a-boo could also help. Try switching the TV on
Apply the Ice Pack on the Injection Site:To ease the pain, apply ice-packs gently on the site of the shot. This will help to soothe the inflammation. For this, take an ice-cube and rub it over your palms. Now gently pat on the injection site. (Never rub the ice cube directly on the baby's skin. This will make worse already inflamed skin creating more pain). Once the baby feels a little comfortable with the cold sensation, you can drape an ice-cube in a clean cloth and press it gently over the area. Do this at least twice or thrice during the day
Sugar Water:Several studies have found that sugar can ease vaccination pain. Try giving your baby a little sugar water before the vaccination. You can even dip a pacifier into the sweet liquid and let the baby suck on it during the injection. This formula can be administered to the babies who cannot be breastfed during the vaccination. This sweet trick is mainly helpful for babies under six months of age
Give Paracetamol Drops:You can ease the infant's post-vaccination pain by giving paracetamol drops. Most often the doctor would prescribe paracetamol drops to ease the pains. Never give it to the child without asking your child's doctor. Also, never exceed the amount of dose prescribed by your doctor
Numbing Medicine May Soothe a Newborn:Rub-on medications that numb the skin can be used to ease the vaccination pain. However, as the rub on local anesthetic cream can take about an hour to start working. Numbing sprays that numb the skin by cooling it can be more helpful as it works in a few seconds. You should ask your doctor before opting this
Rub Your Baby's Skin After the VaccinationAfter the vaccination, gently rub your baby's skin near the injection site. Just 10 seconds rubbing can significantly bring down the intensity of the pain
Give More Attention:At least for a day or two after the vaccination, irrespective of the intensity of the pain and inflammation, your baby needs more warmth and comfort from you. Keep yourself calm and always stay close to the baby. For babies under six months of age, skin-to-skin contact will provide more comfort
What are the side effects of vaccination in infants?
After immunization shots, chances are that infants can develop the following issues or side-effects. Read carefully.
After a shot, the child usually develops a slight fever.
Swelling or Redness:
The child most often develops redness, tenderness or swelling around the site of the shot
Restlessness & Poor Appetite:
For a few hours after getting immunized, the infant can show restlessness and drowsy and may decline food.
Can Develop a Mild Skin-rash:
It is quite normal for the child to develop a skin rash 7 to 14 days after the chickenpox or measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) shot. These types of rashes go away, devoid of any treatment. [ Read More - New Born Baby Vaccines Side Effects, Precautions & Soothing ]
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1. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov ›Pain of childhood vaccination - NCBI
2. Immunize.org› After the shots what to do if your child has discomfort - Immunize
organ 3. Caringforkids.cps.ca ›Vaccination & Your Child - Caring for Kids
4. seattlechildrens.org ›Immunization Reactions - Seattle Children's
5. share.upmc.com› Arm Pain After Vaccination - UPMC HealthBeat