Summer Heat Born Illnesses, Tips to Save Child from Heat Stress
Created by Bhavna Updated on Apr 21, 2020
Summers are a welcome change after the bitter winter. The cold and sniffles of the winter season are replaced first by the awesome spring and soon after we face the wrath of the unmerciful sun. The most common and deadly fallout of the summer season is the Heatwave and the related illnesses that are caused due to it. During a heat wave, it's important to know and be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of heat stress.
There are different types of illnesses that fall under heat stress, ranging from those that cause temporary discomfort to the generally fatal condition known as heat stroke. Heat stress occurs when a body is not able to cool itself down to maintain a healthy temperature. Heat-related illnesses include heat rash, cramps, dizziness and in some cases fainting, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. In all heat-related illnesses, the symptoms appear when a person is exposed to extreme temperatures.
What are Heat-Related Illnesses?
The following checklist can help you recognize the symptoms of heat-related illnesses:
#1. Heat Rash:
Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating during hot, humid weather. It can occur at any age but is most common in young children. Heat rash looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters. [Know: What Causes Prickly Heat Rashes in Babies?]
#2. Heat Cramps:
A person who has been exercising or participating in other types of strenuous activity( mostly true for children playing outdoors in the sun) in the heat may develop painful muscle spasms in the arms, legs, or abdomen referred to heat cramps. The body temperature is usually normal, and the skin will feel moist and cool, but sweaty.
#3. Heat Syncope:
It is a clinical term given to fainting as a result of overheating with inadequate water or salt in the Body. The Basic symptom is a body temperature above 104F, fainting with or without Mental confusion.
#4. Heat Exhaustion:
This is one of the serious conditions that could develop into a heat stroke. It primarily happens when a person sweats excessively in a hot environment leading up to the reduction of the blood volume in the body. The symptoms to look out for in this case are sweating, elevated heart rate, muscle cramps, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
#5. Heat Stroke:
Heat stroke is a serious, life-threatening condition that occurs when the body loses its ability to control its temperature. Victims of a serious heat stroke almost always die, so immediate medical attention is essential when problems first begin. In heat stroke, a person develops a fever that rapidly rises to dangerous levels within minutes. A person with heat stroke usually has a body temperature above 104 F (40 C), but the temperature may rise even higher. Other symptoms and signs of heat stroke may include confusion, combativeness, bizarre behavior, feeling faint, staggering, strong rapid pulse, dry flushed skin, and lack of sweating. Delirium coma can also result from heat stroke. [Know: Home Remedies to Heal Summer Stroke in Child]
While heat cramps, heat syncope, and heat exhaustion may all be present in mild degrees, you should always contact a doctor or seek emergency medical attention if the symptoms of these conditions are severe or worsen with time
What to Do Tips When the Symptoms Appear?
When one is suffering from a heat stroke or sees the symptoms on someone else; here are some of the quick tips to do at home before the medical help arrives
- Remove the victim's clothes while waiting for emergency medical assistance to arrive. Spray water to cool him down. Stay with the victim. Put ice packs under his armpits and groins.
- If you are outside, take the victim to a cool and shaded area. If there is a pool nearby, bring him to a shallow part of the pool.
- If you have access to a thermometer, monitor the victim's body temperature. Continue to provide cooling his temperature drops to 101 to 102 degrees F.
- Give him cool liquids such as cold water. Sports drinks are ok, too. Giving caffeine or any other caffeinated drink is NOT Advisable. Keep a container and damp cloth near in case he vomits.
- If the person is unconscious, check his airway for breathing and listen for his heartbeat. Do CPR if he stops breathing. Has his mouth opened so air can enter his body? Roll him onto his left side. This helps prevent vomiting and allow fluids to drain from his mouth.
And, once the medical professionals arrive, the patient should be left in their expert care. [Read: Heat Stroke Symptoms, Preventive Measures & Home Remedies]
How Can One Avoid a Heat Stroke?
A few tips on how to dress to avoid the heat stroke:
- Looking at the big picture and planning the wardrobe is beneficial. Evaluating what the activity is going to be in the heat and dressing appropriately for the environment may perhaps be the way to go this summer. If attending an outdoor event ditch the long-sleeved shirt and instead go with a short sleeve lose fitted kind of clothing.
- Wearing a wide-brimmed hat or cap would keep a child/ person cool. Wearing clothes made of breathable material that is not too dark in color when outdoors may be a good choice. Be sure and put on a good sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or more.
- Layered clothing for exercising in the heat may be avoided. Layering the body with clothes may not leave enough room for your body to breathe and perspire. You want to give your body room to perspire and not overheat it. Select light fabrics suited for the activity. Buy mesh-accented workout gear. This can include tank tops, shorts, sports bras, light workout bottoms or quarter-length pants.
- Dressing smart at work may be the way to handle the heat. If one works in an office where the temperature fluctuates, wearing an outfit that can accommodate this fluctuation is advisable. Selecting a light jacket or shirt, nice tank top or blouse that is appropriate for a business environment (or a short-sleeved dress shirt for a man) would be ideal. [Check: Heat Stroke Signs, Causes & Prevention Tips in School going Children]
- Making sure that heavy clothing is not worn to sleep is recommended. One could get overheated during the night, too. Dressing the beds in light sheets and pillowcases for the summer months is also a good idea. This will help your skin and body stay cool.
- Dressing infants and toddlers to avoid heat stroke and provide shading is most important. Selecting hats that protect your little one and block the strong sun is ideal. Providing cool, loose-fitted clothing such as thin, soft cotton keeps the body and skin breathing. Limit your child's sun exposure especially during the hot mid-day sun.
Hopefully, the mentioned information will be helpful and sufficient in tackling the summer illnesses effectively and one could enjoy all the fun that is in store this summer.
| May 01, 2013
hey Bhavna ..my son had bleeding from nose ..my mom says its to do with heat ..but my father says it is due to some throat infection ...i didnt know what to follow ..good part was they both had same resolution ..laying him straight , putting cold water on his head ..give him something cold to eat ..can you throw some light on this issue too ..after that day i get really worried abt my son going out in summers
| May 02, 2013
Thanks for sharing this Bhana. My son always wants to play outside but I have all such kinds of fear all the time. Already, we are worried that he does'nt consume much food and on top of it if such things happen, it would be really hard... look forward to your food blog too... regards.
| May 15, 2017
Prickly heat can ruin your child’s summer fun. But there’s help lying around your own house! https://www.parentcircle.com/article/5-unbelievable-home-remedies-for-prickly-heat-in-toddlers/