What is Tooth Decay and how it happens

Dr Gunjan Kedia
1 to 3 years

Created by Dr. Gunjan Kedia
Updated on Sep 25, 2020

Reviewed by Expert panel

Tooth decay means the softening of the tooth enamel. It refers to the damage of the tooth structure caused by acids that are created when plaque bacteria break down sugar in your mouth. It is a slow process and is a result of poor oral hygiene. 

When you don't brush and floss, food gets stuck there and bacteria thrive there. Bacteria break the sugar and secrete acid. This acid secreted by bacteria damage enamel. If the tooth decay is not stopped or reversed, and the process continues and more minerals are lost. If left untreated, this can lead to a cavity, or hole in the tooth.

Let us also look at some tips to maintain good dental hygiene:

  • Regular Brushing - Brush at least twice a day. Brush before going to bed as it helps you get rid of the germs and plaque that accumulate all throughout the day.

Also make sure you brush properly. Take your time, move the toothbrush gently and in motions to remove plaque. Do not aggressively brush your teeth or use a hard brush.

  • Food gets stuck between teeth and brushing may not remove that. Flossing removes all the small food particles from the teeth.

  • Minimize the intake of soda and sugar, especially at night. The main cause of cavities is sugary food. 

  • Regular Dental-check-ups - See your dentist regularly.

  • Consume food that is good for oral health, such as milk and milk products, vegetable and fluoride rich food items. 

Watch this as Orthodontist Dr. Gunjan Kedia talks Tooth Decay and how it happens, and how to maintain Dental Hygiene.

You may also like to watch this video with Orthodontist Dr. Gunjan Kedia to know about Orthodontics & all about your Child's Teeth


This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

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| Oct 03, 2020

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