Zika Virus Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Tips

Swati Nitin Gupta
0 to 1 years

Created by Swati Nitin Gupta
Updated on Apr 15, 2021

Zika Virus Symptoms Treatment and Prevention Tips
Reviewed by Expert panel

Zika virus is the new health concern on the global scene, but how much should we be concerned about the same in India? What are the symptoms and the cure? 

Are you as a parent of a toddler or a pre-schooler worried about the safety of your child from Zika Virus? Do you also have questions on the same? If yes, then do read on to know what is Zika Virus, its symptoms, dos and don'ts and how to protect your children from Zika virus. Read More:  How to Protect Against Zika During Pregnancy?  

What is Zika Virus?

Jica virus is a flavivirus, which means it is a close relative of viruses like chickengunya , dengue and yellow fever and is a disease that spreads through mosquito bites. When Aedes mosquito, which is the carrier of Zika virus, bites any human being, he or she becomes infected by the virus and also becomes the carrier of the virus. Read these must know facts. 

Is There Something to Be Concerned?

With Zika, the major concerns are 1) the rapid rate at which it is spreading across the globe. 2) The fact that it affects expecting mothers most and interferes in the development of the foetus, particularly the brain that may leave an impact on the future generations. 3) And yet, there is no known vaccine against the virus.

Do Indian Parents Need to Worry?

As of now, since no cases have been reported in India, we can assume that the virus hasn't hit our shores. But then again, the rate at which it is spreading is concerning. And also the fact that most Indian cities are infested with mosquitoes, it can become a huge concern. Therefore, the precaution is what is suggested in this case.

Dr Sucheta Malhotra , a gynecologist and obstetrician, based in Dwarka, says that so long as any expecting mother is not traveling to the virus infected areas the risk factors are less. However, since Asia is in the vulnerable list of Zika virus it is always advisable to take precautions.

Parents of toddlers, pre-schoolers and primary school children are more concerned because of the susceptibility of the children to the virus. Dr Rakesh Malhotra, pediatrician, practicing in Dwarka, says that as parents we need to be careful and protect our children from mosquito bites.

Zika Virus Symptoms and Tips to Cure

The symptoms, typically are mild ones like fever, muscle and joint pains, or maybe a rash. Some people also develop conjunctivitis (irritation in the eye). And these symptoms last for two to three days. 

Also Read: How to Be Safe from Nipah Virus  

What Precautions & Prevention from Zika Virus? 

Yes, there are various ways to protect yourself and your children from getting infected by Zika virus and thus prevent the spread of infection.

  1. The best method to protect your children from the virus is protection from mosquito bites. Ensure that they wear full-sleeve shirts and top and trousers, especially when outdoors and in peak-mosquito times such as dusk.
  2. Using good quality mosquito-repellent cream while going out or sending children to school or play. Get your home, office and society area properly fumigated.
  3. Pregnant and breastfeeding women who are wary of using traditional methods may use natural mosquito repellants such as citronella based creams/sprays, neem oil etc. (Refer to our blog for more tips:
  4. Most repellents may be safely used on children after consultation with your pediatrician/dermatologist.
  5. Remember this is the same mosquito that spread the Dengue infection and it bites during the day and thrives in clean water. So, ensure that there is no stored water in or near your house, school or office.
  6. Avoid going out to areas where mosquito population is high—near ponds, rivers, forested areas etc—unless well-protected with clothes and mosquito repellants.
  7. In case, you notice any symptoms, do get yourself thoroughly checked for Zika. Also, quarantine the patient so that the disease does not spread further.
  8. If you have pets at home make sure that the water in their bowl is changed regularly.
  9. Stay and sleep in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms that can be made mosquito-infestation free.


Stay protected, stay healthy!


This content has been checked & validated by Doctors and Experts of the parentune Expert panel. Our panel consists of Neonatologist, Gynecologist, Peadiatrician, Nutritionist, Child Counselor, Education & Learning Expert, Physiotherapist, Learning disability Expert and Developmental Pead.

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| Jan 04, 2017

6qzqà1q3af ex

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| Apr 15, 2021

I got every symptom you mentioned in asymptomatic illness after visiting Roaysn, Honduras. They were in an outbreak of Zika. Three doctors in one week failed to clue in on exactly where I was on a cruise tk tropical ports. Immediately after the virus was done with me neurological problems started. Six weeks after we were back s health bulletin from CDC said cases of Zika infections were reported.... too late for bloodwork, they said 2 weeks. Five years later I'm riddled with neuropathy and other autoimmune problems and little of what I could do five years ago I can't do. ALL doctors DO NOT believe I had it.... they never lived the week of hell. I also had hearing loss in one eat, another rare symptom that has happened. Doctors blame my fresh type 2 diabetes for the worsening neuropathy when my blood sugar and diet are very tightly controlled and A1C is a non-diabetic range My webiste

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