Parenting Health and Wellness

What is Nipah Virus & How to Be Safe from It - NiV Causes, Precautions

Parentune Support
All age groups

Created by Parentune Support
Updated on May 23, 2018

What is Nipah Virus How to Be Safe from It NiV Causes Precautions

Nipah virus also known as NiV is a fatal virus that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of this virus are fruit bats, but there have been cases where pigs as well as some other domestic animals can be the host to this virus. Although there have been a very few outbreaks in the past, NiV can potentially infect a wide range of animals and can lead to deaths making it a watch-out outbreak. NiV infection has been reported and confirmed to have led to several deaths in Kerala in the last few days. 

Update:  Why Preparedness Against Nipah Virus(NiV) is Vital rather blind believe on Vaccines? 

Nipah Outbreak- Genesis as per WHO

NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India. NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals. There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary NiV treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.

Signs & Symptoms of Nipah Virus (NiV)

  1. Sustained fever and headache with drowsiness
  2. Disorientation & mental confusion
  3. Respiratory issues, illness & choking
  4. Encephalitis - inflammation of the Brain
  5. Nervous disease
  6. Persistent Convulsions & personality changes
  7. Stomach pain & vomiting

These signs and symptoms can progress to coma within 24-48 hours. 

How Nipah Virus is transmitted?

The question is what can transmit NiV? Transmission of NiV can happen on direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV infected people. In earlier outbreaks in India and Bangladesh, people-to-people transmission has been frequently reported. It has been commonly seen in the family and caregivers of Nipah virus-infected patients. A potentially high-occurrence reason identified from the Kerala outbreak is consumption of mango contaminated with infectious bat (Fruit bat) excretions.

Nipah Virus Precautions & Prevention

NiV is a persistent virus, which sustains from 5 to 14 days. The symptoms become clear after this initial time. Suggest these to prevent being infected by the NiV virus:

  1. Stay away from an infected person
  2. If in vicinity of a dead body of anyone who dies of Nipah infection, pls cover your face properly
  3. Stay away from infected Bats, pigs and places which have a known case of ill bat/s or pig/s
  4. Don’t eat fallen fruits, Wash all fruits thoroughly
  5. Avoid drinking raw date palm sap
  6. In case you came in the vicinity of any NiV infected person or animal, you must maintain a distance from the patient and sanitize and wash your hands properly.
  7. Clean your clothes, utensils and bathroom items like mugs and buckets separately. Ensure that they are all maintained hygienically

Please note, that there are no vaccines available for Nipah virus as of now. Person infected with NiV need intensive care as the first line of action. This perhaps makes it a must to take all precautions and to share it with all your friends and family too.

 

Disclaimer: This blog including the advice provided is generic information and taken from WHO & CDC mainly. It is not a substitute for qualified medical opinion. We advice, Always consult a medical specialist for more information. We strongly recommend consulting a Doctor in case of any related queries.

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| Jun 02, 2018

Alisha Palkar - you need to let them know this in last detail for both- their own wellbeing as well your child's wellbeing. from what we have found the virus is now contained to a large extent for now but still precaution is better at all fronts.

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| Jun 02, 2018

Bhavya S - cud u pls share more details on this ayurvedic treatment and any link where we could know more and verify the information. As per our research thereis no cure for this infection.

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| May 30, 2018

thanks for awareness

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| May 29, 2018

thanks a lots for awareness

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| May 26, 2018

Thanks alot

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| May 26, 2018

BH

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| May 26, 2018

Thank u for information. Its really bad there is no vaccination for this

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| May 25, 2018

Thanku but my problem is I am working and my son is with my in-laws. will they take so much of care?

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| May 24, 2018

Thanku

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| May 24, 2018

scary! thanks team parentune for sharing this useful blog.. it really does help in taking precautionary steps and reminds us of the adage "prevention is better than cure".

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| May 24, 2018

Thank you so much for the valuable information

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| May 24, 2018

ayurvedic medicine as mentioned in one of article i read 3:2:1 ratios of parijata tender leaves, Neem tender leaves and Mango tender leaves( totally 50gms ). smash it and add it 2 glass of water. boil it n make it to 1 glass. Have 1/4th quantity each time. drink this 4 times a day

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| May 24, 2018

there is an ayurvedic medicine for this

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| May 24, 2018

thanks for valuable information

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| May 24, 2018

Thanks a ton for these valuable information...

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| May 24, 2018

thank u so much for the valuable info

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| May 24, 2018

Thank u so much

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| May 23, 2018

thank u so much

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| May 23, 2018

So much thankful to you

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| May 23, 2018

thanks for the advice

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| May 23, 2018

thanks for the advice

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| May 23, 2018

thanks a lot

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| May 23, 2018

thanks for this

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| May 23, 2018

Thanks a lot for the valuable information

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| May 23, 2018

Thank you so much for the information.

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| May 23, 2018

thankyou so much.

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| May 23, 2018

thanks a lot

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| May 23, 2018

very useful blog thanks..

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| May 23, 2018

thanks for info

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| May 23, 2018

Thank you so much for the information

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| May 23, 2018

Thank you

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| May 23, 2018

Thanks for sharing all these details. Very helpful! Sharing with my friends on whatsapp!

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| May 23, 2018

very informative blogs. community members must share this info with your dear ones as much as possible.

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