How to Be Safe from Nipah Virus? NiV Causes, Precautions & Symptoms
Created by Rajani Updated on Apr 02, 2021
Nipah virus disease, which claimed the life of a 12-year-old boy in Kerala recently, is potentially fatal to humans as well as animals. It is caused by fruit bats. Delhi's National Centre for Diseases Control interacted with the family and those close to the boy to understand and identify what food he ate and animals he may have come in contact with. The team has identified atleast 18 relatives and health workers, of the boy who were in close contact and 150 secondary contacts have been identified and quarantined.
Everyone has been advised to be extra careful and inform health professionals the moment they have symptoms of the disease. The state government imposed restrictions within a 3 kms radius of the Nipah victim's house. It declared it as a containment zone.
Similar steps have been issued in nearby areas of Kozhikode, Malappuram and Kannur to contain the disease.
The re-emergence of the Nipah virus in Kerala poses a fresh risk in the state.
Nipah Virus disease causes muscular pain, fever, dizziness, headache and nausea along with respiratory illness. Some are also likely to show symptoms of epilepsy. Let's understand all about this virus
What is Nipah Virus (NiV)?
It is a fatal virus that causes severe disease in both animals & humans. The natural host of this virus are fruit bats, but there have been cases where pigs, as well as some other domestic animals, can be the host to this virus. Although there have been a very few outbreaks in the past, NiV can potentially infect a wide range of animals and can lead to deaths making it a watch-out outbreak. NiV infection has been reported and confirmed to have led to several deaths in Kerala in the last few days. Must Read: Why Preparedness Against Nipah Virus(NiV) is Vital rather blind belief on Vaccines?
Nipah Virus Outbreak - Genesis as per WHO
NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India. NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals. There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary NiV treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.
Nipah Virus Signs & Symptoms (NiV)
Here are the main symptoms of Nipah virus. These signs & symptoms can progress to comma within 24-48 hours. Be careful..
- Sustained fever and headache with drowsiness
- Disorientation & mental confusion
- Respiratory issues, illness & choking
- Encephalitis - inflammation of the Brain
- Nervous disease
- Persistent Convulsions & personality changes
- Stomach pain & vomiting
How Nipah Virus is Transmitted?
The question is what can transmit NiV? Transmission of NiV can happen on direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV infected people. In earlier outbreaks in India and Bangladesh, the people-to-people transmission has been frequently reported. It has been commonly seen in the family and caregivers of Nipah virus-infected patients. A potentially high-occurrence reason identified from the Kerala outbreak is consumption of mango contaminated with infectious bat (Fruit bat) excretions.
Nipah Virus Precautions & Prevention
NiV is a persistent virus, which sustains from 5 to 14 days. The symptoms become clear after this initial time. Suggest these to prevent being infected by the NiV virus:
- Stay away from an infected person
- If in the vicinity of a dead body of anyone who dies of Nipah infection, pls cover your face properly
- Stay away from infected Bats, pigs and places which have a known case of ill bat/s or pig/s
- Don’t eat fallen fruits, Wash all fruits thoroughly
- Avoid drinking raw date palm sap
- In case you came in the vicinity of any NiV infected person or animal, you must maintain a distance from the patient and sanitize and wash your hands properly.
- Clean your clothes, utensils and bathroom items like mugs and buckets separately. Ensure that they are all maintained hygienically
Please note, that there are no vaccines available for Nipah virus as of now. A person infected with NiV needs intensive care as the first line of action. This perhaps makes it a must to take all precautions and to share it with all your friends and family too.
Disclaimer: This blog including the advice provided is generic information and taken from WHO & CDC mainly. It is not a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. We advise you to always consult a medical specialist for more information. We strongly recommend consulting a Doctor in case of any related queries.
| May 24, 2018
ayurvedic medicine as mentioned in one of article i read 3:2:1 ratios of parijata tender leaves, Neem tender leaves and Mango tender leaves( totally 50gms ). smash it and add it 2 glass of water. boil it n make it to 1 glass. Have 1/4th quantity each time. drink this 4 times a day