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All you need to know about vaccination for your new born baby

Preeti
0 to 1 years

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All you need to know about vaccination for your new born baby

When it comes to your baby's health, you want to be absolutely sure and safe.  Hence you want to know all the whys and whens of vaccinations to be administered to your child from the time of birth. Keeping that in mind, paediatricians at  the time of birth hand out a vaccination schedule to the parents. This vaccination schedule has a list of all the mandatory and optional vaccines that your baby will require as she grows up to protect her from various diseases.  With inputs from Dr Shipra Mathur,  Senior Consultant, Paediatrics and Neonatology, Fortis Hospital, Gurgaon, we have put together a quick roundup of the same.

AT  BIRTH

There are three vaccines which are given as soon as the baby is born. These are:

BCG: The  Bacillus Calmette–Guérin is a vaccine given to prevent tuberculosis. It is a mandatory vaccine as there is a global attempt by health agencies to eradicate TB totally, especially in high-propensity countries like India. BCG vaccine may leave a small scar on the arm.

OPV: Oral polio vaccine is given to protect against the crippling polio disease and is also mandatory. Again the reason why it is compulsory is not just for the safety of one individual child but also to eradicate the disease completely. These are given as drops to infants.

HEPATITIS B(1st dose)  This vaccine prevents  liver infections caused by the Hepatitis virus and it is mandatory at the time of birth, however 2 or 3 doses of the vaccine are recommended. Also, doctors suggest that the vaccine be given right at the time of birth and booster doses be planned later.

 

1 MONTH:

In this month, primarily only one vaccine is given which is

HEPATATIS B (2nd dose): At first month, the 2nd dose of Hepatitis is given.

2 MONTH:

In the second month, the child is vaccinated, with the first dose, against a host of diseases such as whooping cough and meningitis etc.

OPV1/OPV1+IPV1 (Inactivated Polio Vaccine): These are also vaccines given to protect against Polio, but this is in injection form and is given on the infant’s thigh.

DPT/DTap (1st dose): 1st dose of these vaccine prevents Diphtheria (upper respiratory illness), Pertussis (Whooping Cough) and Tetanus in children and it is a mandatory vaccine. For complete dosage, the infant has to get 3 shots of DPT/DTap vaccine within the 1st year of birth. This is also injected on the thigh.

Mild fever after these vaccines is common and the pediatrician will prescribe some medicine for it.

Hib 1st dose (haemophilus influenza type B vaccine): Hib vaccine prevents serious infections caused by a type of bacteria called Haemophilus influenzae type b. These infections include meningitis (an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord), pneumonia (lung infection), and epiglottises (a severe throat infection).

ROTAVIRUS: 1ST dose of this vaccine is given to provide protection against rotavirus attack which is a leading cause of diarrhea and other gastroenteritis disorders.

PCV: 1st dose Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine: This vaccine gives protection against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that all cause pneumococcal disease such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. PCV is a slightly expensive vaccine but it also depends on the brand the doctor advices.

3MONTH:

This month the second doses of all the vaccines, administered in the 1st month, are given.

OPV2/OPV2+IPV2 (oral Polio vaccine and inactivated polio vaccine): In the 3rd month, the  2nd dose of Polio is given.

DPT/DTap: 2nd dose of these vaccines is also given

HIb:  2nd dose administered

ROTAVIRUS: 2nd dose given

PCV: 2nd  dose Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is given.

4MONTH:

During the 4th month, the 3rd doses of most vaccines are given.

OPV3/OPV3+IPV3: These are the 3rd doses to provide complete protection against polio.

DTP/DTap:  3rd  dose given

Hib: 3 rd dose is given

PCV: 3rd dose

ROTAVIRUS: 3rd dose

6MONTH:

Hepatitis B: 3rd dose is given

9 MONTH :

MMR:  This vaccine is given to protect against measles, mumps and rubella.

12 MONTHS:

Hepatitis A: Once the course of Hepatitis B vaccines is over, the doctor suggests a shot of vaccine to protect against Hepatitis A. This is given after the 1st birthday as two shots 6 months apart.

15-18 MONTHS:

MMR: A booster dose of MMR is given at this stage

Varicella vaccine: Varicella vaccine, also known as chickenpox vaccine, is a vaccine that protects against chickenpox. One dose of vaccine prevents 95% of moderate disease and 100% of severe disease. Two doses of vaccine is more effective. The first dose is given at this stage.

PCV booster dose is administered

IPV+OPV booster is given

As the child grows, there are some more vaccines that can be administered. Check with your pediatrician for these.

Here are some more pointers to know about vaccinations:

  1. Most experts advice that a gap of minimum one month should be maintained between two doses of vaccine.
  2. Take your vaccine chart along with you to double check on what vaccine is due. This also helps you keep a tab of the vaccines administered already.
  3. Vaccines are of different brands and your pediatrician will suggest accordingly.
  4. Do not feed your child heavily just before vaccinations. Children tend to cry in pain and this can lead to vomiting. Ensure the child is fed but lightly.
  5. To provide comfort to the baby, try and breastfeed the baby after the vaccination.
  6. If the child is on solid food, but is not taking food after vaccination, don’t force feed. Instead, let the child be.
  7. 2-4 days of changes in eating pattern and moods is commonly observed.
  8. Do not massage the area where the shot was given for upto 3 days.
  9. Many babies may get slight fever and it may last for 2-3 days. In such a situation ask your pediatrician for medicines.

 

 

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HrudayaRanjan Nayak

| Aug 06, 2017

about vaccination

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Pallavi Deshpande Goswami

| Jul 13, 2017

What is the maximum cost of all these doses?

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Himanshi Pankaj Kumar

| Jul 04, 2017

I just want to ask one thing as my baby is Canada born and there he had not given BCG during birth time.. so do i need to vaccinate him now ?

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Jayashree

| Jun 30, 2017

Is dtp given in government hospital are safe

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Priya

| Jun 14, 2017

thanks for information its really helpful

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Surya Priya

| May 25, 2017

thank you for the information

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Chandra Shekhar

| May 25, 2017

thanks for helpful information !!

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Chandra Shekhar

| May 25, 2017

thanks for helpful information !!

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Namita Joshi Sharma

| May 24, 2017

Thanks for good information

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Jesty Bijo

| May 24, 2017

valuable ijformation

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Parveen Mohsin

| May 24, 2017

nice information

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Pallavi M Tanu

| May 24, 2017

very needy blog thanks

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Shweta Elwadhi Tiwari

| May 24, 2017

Nice information

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DrVani Batra

| May 24, 2017

very informative.....

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Geeta Burhanpure

| May 24, 2017

Hi. My son is now 2yrs and 8 months which vaccination is due according to his age and needs to be given.

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Sabi Choudhary

| May 24, 2017

Is DPT painless vaccination less effective then the pain one.

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Devi Surya Prakash Chowdary

| May 24, 2017

my baby z one month which vaccine she needs

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Jyothigowda HN

| May 24, 2017

very informative

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Baljit Kaur

| Apr 17, 2017

hi my baby is 11 months old and I vaccine him from a government hospital and the some vaccine in this blog are not given to him what I should do? Please suggest me experts , I need your help.

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Suhani Roy

| Apr 10, 2017

This blog is such a wonderfully , real look at being a mom. She also has great guest posts and an awesome. nice one is here http://www.momcuddle.com

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Savita Nawalramka

| Apr 10, 2017

what is hepA vaccine for and is it compulsory?

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pih ningombam

| Apr 04, 2017

Very informative

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Dipti Gupta

| Mar 30, 2017

My baby is 5 months. I have given her all the Vaccines except PCV Vaccine. What should I do? can I start with the dosage from now onwards?

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Dharani Kumar

| Mar 19, 2017

Hi rajeshwari.... you can get vaccines from govrnmt hospital.. however some vaccines are not available there... e. g. pneumococcal conjugate... get vaccine in private which aren't avail in govrmt

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Ayesha Sultana

| Mar 17, 2017

wat about typhoid vaccine between 9 to 12 months... is it necessary or not.. ??

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Gunjan Gandhi

| Mar 17, 2017

please advise if we should go for painless vaccination. my daughter is 2months old, we have given 1st dose with painless vaccine. is it OK to give her second dose by non painless

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Kritika Sharma

| Mar 16, 2017

hie please tell me whether to go for painless vaccination or not

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rajeshwari ganesh

| Mar 14, 2017

can we give d govt vaccines for kids they vl give accordingly r not or else v can give private vaccine which vl be d bst

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Narmada Lenka

| Mar 11, 2017

thanks for the information.

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Meenu

| Mar 11, 2017

regarding BCG my baby is 1 month old now. She had jaundice after the 1st week of her birth. we need to hospitalise her for 2 days at that time. Her paeditrician told us to come for BCG after she will be one month old. Is it ok to have BCG now as she has not been vaccinated at the time of her birth.

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Neharika

| Mar 11, 2017

great info... can anybody help me with the information about IPV Dose... that where is it available in hyderabad???

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Surabhi Naresh

| Mar 10, 2017

hii wat abt flu vaccine given in two doses at 6 and 7 month respectively

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Sneha Amith

| Mar 08, 2017

thanks for the information

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Shazia Haneef

| Mar 05, 2017

very informative... thnx

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Sindhu

| Mar 05, 2017

Hi when to give second dose of chickenpox vaccine for my first child.. PCV was not given for her.. can i give it now.. she is going to be 5yrs this may..

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Aditi Gaur

| Mar 05, 2017

hi i just wanted to ask wats the difference between PCV10 n PCV13 vaccine?

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Vanaja Vivekanand

| Feb 27, 2017

Good information thank you

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Rhythm

| Feb 26, 2017

Hi, my doctor suggested to give Hepatitis A vaccine ( 1st dose) at age of 2 years though in the vaccination card it is mentioned to be given @ 15 months.... is that ok to wait?

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Mithila Lade

| Feb 08, 2017

Hi, My babay is 5 n half months old. Ipv vaccines are not yet given to him. since they were not available. Is it necessary to check at other hospitals also,about the ipv vaccine?

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Harshita sengunthar

| Feb 08, 2017

thanks preeti

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divya agrawal

| Feb 08, 2017

hi preeti. do we need to give those government vaccines polio which comes every year. even if we have already given vaccine for polio according to chart

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Renu Dua

| Feb 08, 2017

Thanks alot Preeti for sharing useful information. Is BCG vaccine leave a small scar on the arm in both painful n painless vaccination?

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Anjana Bavouria

| Feb 08, 2017

Thanks a lot for the information

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Shruti Saxena

| Feb 08, 2017

thank you give us very usful information

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Anjali Singh

| Dec 17, 2016

Very nice information. Cleared all my doubts. Nicely explained.

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Priyamvada Kumari

| Dec 10, 2016

thank u

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Navyateja linga

| Dec 09, 2016

useful information. thank u so much

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Arshi Afaq

| Dec 01, 2016

my baby is 6months and til now he has not given any dose of ipv

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Tejaswini

| Nov 27, 2016

my baby had first 3doses of DPT and again she had DPT at the month of 10 is it concern

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Divya

| Oct 26, 2016

can we give PCV and Rotavirus vaccination 1st dose in 5th month?

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Farida Dahodwala

| Oct 09, 2016

Please read about the harmful effects of vaccinations before injecting your baby with so many vaccines every month.. they are known to cause autistic children and lots of complications in the children.. Also influenza has many viruses so taking hib vaccine is not going to prevent your child frm having a influenza attack as dis is jus one of the strains in the vaccine.. The list that is given above is more dan d compulsory vaccines that were originally recommended by WHO

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Farida Dahodwala

| Oct 09, 2016

Please read about the harmful effects of vaccinations before injecting your baby with so many vaccines every month.. they are known to cause autistic children and lots of complications in the children.. Also influenza has many viruses so taking hib vaccine is not going to prevent your child frm having a influenza attack as dis is jus one of the strains in the vaccine.. The list that is given above is more dan d compulsory vaccines that were originally recommended by WHO

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Farida Dahodwala

| Oct 09, 2016

Please read about the harmful effects of vaccinations before injecting your baby with so many vaccines every month.. they are known to cause autistic children and lots of complications in the children.. Also influenza has many viruses so taking hib vaccine is not going to prevent your child frm having a influenza attack as dis is jus one of the strains in the vaccine.. The list that is given above is more dan d compulsory vaccines that were originally recommended by WHO

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Amruta Kadam

| Oct 01, 2016

hii my baby is 5 month old have given him only one pcv painless vaccine yet 2 more are remaining can I give him painful one right now

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Surili Srivastav

| Sep 29, 2016

can you please suggest out of painful and painless which vaccine should be opted? Is it true that painless vaccines are less effective or they have any side effects on baby's brain?

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Janani Anand

| Sep 26, 2016

thanks preeti

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Arjava

| Sep 21, 2016

is it mandatory to give booster dose of PCV? can i skip that?

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Sreedebika Nath

| Sep 21, 2016

so good. ..thanks

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preeti

| Sep 21, 2016

Hi Janani, you get get rota virus vaccination even now.

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preeti

| Sep 21, 2016

Hi Priyank, please consult with your pedeac as i am not sure on this.

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preeti

| Sep 21, 2016

Hi Sweta, these days bcg scars are not mandatory even my daughter dont have.

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Vidhula Mehta

| Sep 21, 2016

Hi, my son is 3. 5 months old and his doctor has said that only one IPV vaccination is enough as it is recommended by government that due to shortage of the vaccine only one is also enough. Please suggest is it right to give only one vaccination of IPV.

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Richa Arora

| Sep 20, 2016

very informative blog... Thanks for sharing

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Priyank Jaiswal

| Sep 20, 2016

We had not planned for vaccine PCV before. After 4 months my baby had suffered from pneumonia. Now she is 11 months+. Can we now give PCV? will it benefit or not? how many dose should I give if we can give it?

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Sweta Rath

| Sep 19, 2016

my baby is one month old but after giving BCG scar has not come

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Narender elagam

| Sep 19, 2016

my baby is 2 years 8 months please update me with upcoming vacation details

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Janani Anand

| Sep 02, 2016

my baby is 5 months old I missed to put rota virus vaccine. what to do .pls help me

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Poornima

| Aug 27, 2016

hi is that compulsory for vaccination to a child Aftr age of 1 yr

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Sirisha Gadde

| Aug 26, 2016

thank u

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Madhura Hanchate

| Aug 24, 2016

thanks preeti I will check wid my pediatric

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Dr karthika Duraisamy

| Aug 24, 2016

rotavirus not important

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Shajahan Y

| Aug 21, 2016

is it necessary to have rotavirus

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preeti

| Aug 16, 2016

Hi Madhura, i am not very sure on this please ask any pedeac he would be the right person.

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Madhura Hanchate

| Aug 13, 2016

hi... my baby is 3 months... she has not been given polio injection as they are unavailable in private and government hospitals near us.. they gave oral polio with all other vaccines every time we went till now.... is it ok?

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Mukta Anumesh

| Aug 13, 2016

thanks for the information

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gunji durga

| Aug 12, 2016

Thank you

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Rita Jain

| Aug 12, 2016

thanks for this information

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Neetu Singh

| Aug 12, 2016

Thanks alot Preeti..

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Khushboo Agarwal

| Aug 07, 2016

my doctor has advised to give typhoid tcv vaccine to my 10 mnth old baby. it's optional he said. what shud I do....

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Suhasini Joshi

| Jul 28, 2016

my kids are above 6 years can the vaccines to be given after one hear be given now

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Shrabani Chowdhury

| Jul 27, 2016

my dr suggest to give my daughter(she is 6 months 27 days old) swine flue vaccine in 7 months ...is it right for her?

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Madhura Hanchate

| Jul 26, 2016

hi... is Polio drops given to baby every time we go for vaccination

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Swathi Alapati

| Jul 26, 2016

I haven't given 6th month vaccine, what should I do? please tell me

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Hyndu

| Jul 25, 2016

we have given two doe's of IPV injection,and one oral polio OPV,is third doe's of IPV required.

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lalita mahajan

| Jul 24, 2016

I,have not given 6 month's vaccination. , is it complsury??

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Kiranmai

| Jul 24, 2016

are these painless vaccines works for long run as I heard from one of the paediatrician that these will not work for long run..

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Kiranmai

| Jul 24, 2016

my daughter is 2+ months now, are there any painless vaccines available which we can use? please suggest..

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surbhi agarwal

| Jul 23, 2016

Japanese fever vaccine is mandatory??

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surbhi agarwal

| Jul 23, 2016

Japanese fever is mandatory vaccine or not??

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Karthiga Prashanth

| Jul 23, 2016

Painless vaccines are also available. this will protect the baby from the pain and fever after injection

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Kiranmai

| Jul 22, 2016

my second daughter is 2+ months old now. she was not able to bare vaccines pain in second month. now again need to give vaccines in this month. she is not able to bare that pain and crying a lot without taking milk and not sleeping also. are there any painless vaccines which we can use? please advise..

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Rachna Pandey

| Jul 22, 2016

Mam aapki info k according khuch vaccine to gi h.. To wo ab dila sakte h

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Rachna Pandey

| Jul 22, 2016

Hello mam... M apne baby ko rota viruses vaccine nhi dila pai.. Abhi uski age 10 months h.. Kya m y abhi dila sakti Hu..

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Gayatr Simit Shah

| Jul 22, 2016

Preeti Thank you for the informative post as new parents have many questions regarding vaccinations and this post will surely be helpful to them and all that you have mentioned is really important and must give vaccines.

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Madhura Hanchate

| Jul 21, 2016

hi.. very nice info thanks I would like to know if all these vaccine mandatory wich u have mentioned

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Hema Harika Reddy

| Jul 17, 2016

my baby was 11weeks old. I was given vaccination sheet showing opv/ipv should be given during 6,10 n 14 weeks. opv and ipv was given during 6 weeks. Now during 10 weeks they only gave opv mentioning that again opv+ipv will be given at 14 weeks n that is enough. Please confirm whether two doses of ipv is enough...

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nisha nisha

| Jul 16, 2016

Vit A every six month, till 5 years

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Sherbano Syed

| Jul 16, 2016

thank u so mch... new to mother world

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Shamily

| Jul 16, 2016

thank you so much

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hinal mehta

| Jul 16, 2016

thank u so much

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palak

| Jul 15, 2016

very informative.. !!

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puloma pandey

| Jul 14, 2016

Very informative.... thnx a lot ...

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Krunal patel

| Jul 14, 2016

This information is very useful

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Ruchi Anchalia

| Jul 14, 2016

Thanks a lotzz

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manoj kulkarni

| Jul 14, 2016

Thanks for information

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Poonam More

| Jul 13, 2016

thanks for such valuable info.. new to mother's world

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Laura

| Jul 12, 2016

Thanks. Its a ready list for any new mom.

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Neha Dalmia

| Jul 12, 2016

hi preeti... thnks ..I will do that

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preeti

| Jul 12, 2016

Hi Neha, your pedeac would be the best person to guide you on this just to understand this very clear you can also take a second opinion from any other pedeac too.

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Neha Dalmia

| Jul 11, 2016

my baby's first shot of rotavirus and IPV vaccine got postponed by 20 days... due to unavailability of vaccine with the doctor.... now the doc says since these vaccines shud be administered at 6 th week ,but we r giving at 8 th week... only 2 doses are required instead of 3.. .plz advice is it OK?

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