International Day for Biological Diversity
Created by Soma Sarkar Updated on May 22, 2018
We all affect environment by our population numbers, use of land, and our modern lifestyles, causing damage to habitats for species(plants,animals).This has created a great imbalance in nature.It is almost time for humans to realize how their actions are destroying their own mother Earth. So today is again a day to realise our mistake by celebrating International Biological Diversity day and pledge to help our nature and its population.
The International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated each year on May 22. It aims to promote and raise global awareness of issues related to the planet’s biodiversity.
What Is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the short form of two words "biological" and "diversity." It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
Different Types Of Biodiversity:
No two individuals belonging to the same species are exactly similar. Let's for example in the species of human beings, each human shows a lot of diversity(difference) in comparison to another human. People living in different regions show a great level of variation. It helps in evolution of new species, adapting to changes in environmental conditions and also important for agricultural productivity and development.
It is defined as the number of species and abundance of each species that live in a particular location. The species richness may be defined as the number of species per unit area. The richness of a species tells about the extent of biodiversity of a site and provides a means for comparing different sites.If you were to measure the species richness of a forest, you might find 20 bird species, 50 plant species, and 10 mammal species. The species richness depends largely on climatic conditions.
An ecosystem is a collection of living like microbes, plants, animals, fungi, etc. and non-living like climate, matter and energy that are connected by energy flow. Ecological diversity refers to the ‘variability among the species of plants and animals living together and connected by flow of energy and cycling of nutrients in different ecosystems. We must take proper actions to maintain all the three diversities. Without the proper conservation of this diversity, we could end up in different unpredictable situations.
We can inculcate some activities in this day to encourage others to come forward to help our diversities:
- We can translate booklets, leaflets and other educational resources regarding biodiversity into local languages
- Information can be spread on biodiversity via schools, colleges, universities, newspapers, radio and television
- Exhibitions and seminars can be conducted for students, professionals and the general public
- For kids we can show movies on environmental issues
- We can organise presentations to preserve endangered species or habitats to higher authorities
- We should plant trees and other plants that help prevent erosion
- Most importantly kids from their young age should be taught about nature and how to preserve it
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