Health and Wellness

Swine Flu Vaccination, Precautions and Treatment

Neetu Ralhan
3 to 7 years

Created by Neetu Ralhan
Updated on Mar 02, 2015

Swine Flu Vaccination Precautions and Treatment

With the recent swine flu outbreak in the country, doctors are seeing a considerable numbers of swine flu cases every week. Given the increasing number of cases being reported, there's a lot of anxiety among parents regarding swine flu. The anxiety is understandable however, we all need to understand that what you hear in the news is probably cases where people were already predisposed to some risk and the condition had probably aggravated before they received proper medical attention.

To answer some critical questions about the condition, we sought the expert advice of Dr. Rajiv Chhabra, Paediatrician, Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon.


What is Swine flu?

Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by flu viruses (H1N1 and H3N2v) which infect the respiratory tract. Swine flu is contagious and generally infects people by entering through nostrils and mouth. The virus spreads through infected person’s sneeze or cough or from germs on hands. Itis not transmitted by eating cooked pork products.

Know About These Swine Flu Vaccination

The productive efficacy of the vaccination is about 87% and it works better for children aged 5 years and less, and adults over 50. For others it may or may not work.
Furthermore, getting the vaccine now would be like trying to buy an umbrella when you're in the middle of the monsoon. It takes about 2-3 weeks for the effect of the vaccine to come in. So if you get it now, we can't be sure that it will be beneficial.

How is Swine Flu Treated?

Usually no special medication is given if the infection is caught at an early stage. That is why we need to be alert to ensure timely diagnosis.
Two antiviral medicines, zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu) have been known to reduce the effects of swine flu if administered within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms.Depending on the condition, the patient would be treated for flu and would have to be kept in isolation till the symptoms subside.

What Precautions Must be Taken to Avoid Swine Flu?

  1. Do not ignore the symptoms: runny nose, cough, sore throat, chills, fever, fatigue and headache.
  2. Avoid contact with infected persons.
  3. Wash hands frequently with soap and water.
  4. Cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing.
  5. Stay at home if you are ill.
  6. As a precautionary measure, avoid taking children to crowded places or large gatherings such as weddings.

 

What We Advice to Parents:

Do not panic. Take basic precautions just as you would to protect your children from any form of infection. Ensure routine hand-washing and maintain hygiene. Watch out for sneezing and coughing. Do not let the child go to school if they have cold, cough or other symptoms such as fever, nasal discharge, unexplained fatigue or headache. Seek medical attention at the earliest if symptoms persist.

 

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| May 18, 2015

Neetu Ralhan Thanks a lot for the informative child care blog. Thumbs up

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| Mar 05, 2015

Hi Sayani Mahajan! Cough and cold alone do not indicate so but if there are other severe symptoms present alone or alongwith other symptoms such as fever, chills, diarrhoea, vomiting, bodyaches, sore throat,headache,fatigue one should definitely go for blood tests. However, it is advisable to consult your pediatrician regarding same.

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| Mar 04, 2015

If there is only cough and cold , would you suggest a blood test?

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| Mar 04, 2015

Swine flu symptoms are intense and it is usually accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting. the confirmation for the same can be done by blood tests.

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| Mar 04, 2015

but how we will stop them going to scholl,and also the symtoms are pretty similar to normal flu... how to confirm with in 48 hrs...

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| Mar 02, 2015

Contact ur pediatricians for da vaccine for swine flu...

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| Mar 02, 2015

its really a vry useful piece amidst this situation.. thnks a lot

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| Mar 02, 2015

Thnx a lot for information

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| Mar 02, 2015

Thanks for the info.... jus want to know where these vaccination is available.....

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| Mar 02, 2015

Thanks for the inform

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| Mar 02, 2015

Thanks for the info

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| Mar 02, 2015

Thanks for the information!!

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| Mar 02, 2015

Thanks for this pertinent information!

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| Mar 02, 2015

@neetu - thanks for a crisp yet informative and helpful blog for the parents.

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