Must Know Breastfeeding Facts According to Baby's Age
Created by Dr. Pooja Attrey(PT) Updated on Jun 13, 2019
Your tiny newborn will know this feeling before anything else. To fulfill his requirement, nature has worked out a great solution: breastfeeding. Because of its miraculous effects on a child's well being, WHO has advised breastfeeding the baby exclusively for a minimum of six months and going up to two years. Here's what we need to know about breastfeeding and top feed according to baby's age and his nutritional requirements.
Must Know Breastfeeding Facts
The first thing a mom needs to learn is to comfortably sit and cradle the baby in her arms. Some baby's start suckling right away, but with some, you may need to ensure the latching is correct. For this, hold your cradled baby's face near the breast. Ensure the mouth is in level with the nipple and the entire areola is in the mouth. Some mothers don’t lactate right away. The doctor may suggest stimulation with baby kept on your breast.
What If Breastfeeding to 0-6 Months Baby?
When it comes to feeding a 6 or below 6 months baby, it is very important for us to know some basic facts. You must read this to know more.
- Once a baby learns to latch, make sure to feed him your first milk.
- Look out for his hunger cues. He might whine a little or cry out loud. He may try to suck anything and everything that will come close to his mouth. This is a signal that he is hungry.
- Newborns need to be fed frequently over very small intervals of time. It might become tiresome for new mothers but for first 2-3 months, feed him whenever he demands as his small tummy can't hold milk for long.
- After 3 months, you may start keeping gaps between feeds but make sure to keep it up to 2 hours maximum. Gradually the baby, once fully fed, will start demanding feed after 2-3 hrs.
- Ensure you burp him after every feed.
Note: Babies tend to regurgitate milk at times. It is normal. Don’t panic. Just don't forget to burp him next time.
What If Breastfeeding to 6-12 Months Baby?
When it comes to feeding to 6 months plus baby, it is very much important for breastfeeding mom to know some these facts. Continue reading...
- This is the time when you should introduce first foods to your baby. Start from liquid foods like daal paani to semisolids like daal or banana mashed to solid foods like roti soaked in sabzi.
- Gradually introduce these foods and bring the child in habit of 3 proper meals with two snacks in-between schedule.
- Hunger cues might be changed by now. Your baby may cry or babble or may just point his finger to what he wants to have – breastfeed or regular food.
Note: Don't start outside milk for up to one year. As you introduce different foods, his stool and urine color may change. Look out for any food allergy symptoms like rashes. If present avoids that food.
Breastfeeding & Working Mother
Being a working mother you must not deprive your baby of your breast milk. With a little help and thought you can manage to feed him with these tips-
- You may start expressing your milk with the help of manual or mechanical breast pumps. They are easily available in the market.
- For storing expressed milk, special pouches which are multiplayer and secured can be purchased from the market.
- Once expressed, breast milk must be refrigerated in these pouches only. If pouches are not available, you may keep in a glass bottle but never in plastic or metal utensil.
- Once stored breast milk can be used in the next 6 hours safely.
- To warm breast milk, keep the container (steel preferably) in a bowl of a warm water bowl. You may now feed it to the baby by bottle spoon or sipper.
- Throw away the leftover milk when a baby is done the feeding.
Note - a.) Stored breast milk settles in layers: the upper watery and the lower a creamy layer. Shake and mix it well before using.
b.) Never ever directly heat breast milk over gas or in the microwave. It destroys all its nutritional value.
c.) Keep in account proper washing and sterilization of breast pump, storage pouches, utensils involved.
Introducing Outside Milk
By 12-18 months, once a baby's started on solid food, he might be introduced to outside milk. Cow's milk can be used now as a baby's iron requirements will be fulfilled from his regular meals now.
| Sep 06, 2016
sandhya for infants breastfeed should be no1 choice then it's powdered infant milk n than others like cow's or diluted buffaloes or goat's. BF is healthiest n lightest to digest of all... yes nothing can equate mothers milk in nutritional value but now available infant powder milks are almost though not exactly the same composition as BF.. other milks like tonned packed of Buffalo or cow.... nutritional value is very high but fat content of Buffalo milk make it hard on baby's digestive system... giving him more colic pains or upset stomach... cow's milk is light to digest but is deficient in iron so may make baby anaemic.. n ys your doctor is right... formula fed babies gain more weight while breastfed babies tend to gain more height if compared ...acc to various researches.. but that doesn't mean formula fed babies are over the top obese or hafety... they mostly get within normal weight limit. when they grow up n formula is stopped n regular milk is used. yes they gain little more weight than their same age group breastfed babies.. so decide accordingly.. also if u are not comfortable with upper feed dear,you can try various methods to increase ur BF supply.. some or other thing can surely work for you.
| Sep 06, 2016
glad that you liked the blog priya... after six months,u may start liquid diet like daal pani,rice pani,palak pani,or soups plus continue BF or formula feed.. proceed to semiliquid diet like mashed banana or boiled veggies n than solids like daal chawal or idli or dosa.
| Sep 06, 2016
that's good Brototi that u have started him on solids... n don't worry if he doesn't take upper feed... -continue BF as long as u wish... my son also never liked cow's or formula milk.. wen I stopped bf at 1. 4 years,i usually gavee him. milk in form of shakes.. n he accepted that.. so don't worry.
| Sep 07, 2016
@ Brototi.. take those things that u have already started for him.. don't experiment with new food during travelling.. 14 hrs journey,he wd be needing at least two to three time food other than BF... from my experience, at seven months,my son could had mashed banana,pulpy oranges,yoghurt n home made cookies(natural sugar) soaked in bf.. I used to carry them.. there's one more super food I recently came across.. u can make thin paste of overnight soaked almonds. maje sure there are no granules.. not even tiniest one... just smoothly consistent thin paste.. n mix it with bf n give to the baby.. will be very nutritious for him.. introduce this to him.. if he likes it... u can take this too in travelling.
| Sep 18, 2016
Hi... Why is it that sometimes a baby just doesnt want any solid food through out the day? My 1 yr old sometimes just doesn't eat any food through out the day and just takes in milk. This happened 10days back when she was coming up with fever. So we thought that was the reason and gave time for it to settle and was happy her appetite came back once she was better until yesterday, she stopped taking solids again. I did try different variations in her food, like cereal, pancakes, fruits only, rice in with rasam and rice with dal. Nothing goes in. She just spits it out. Every bite. I'm worried for her. Her reduction in food intake has all started when she started to Teeth( in 12th month). Could this be the main reason for on-off appetite?? Also there hasn't been much weight gain in her since 3 months too. So, I'm confused. She's again active though. What do I do? I give her regular milk , 7-8 oz per feed and she definitely has 3 feeds per day for sure. Kindly help me out. Thanks!
| Sep 18, 2016
hi Hanitha.. babies do have these phases after some times when they refuse to take a certain food or anything at all.. n this may continue for a couple of days.. as you told.. yes fever or pain, irritation due to teething could be a reason.. but kids may go on hunger strike for no reason at all also. so don't worry.. on days like this,if she is having her milk happily let her!. just try one or two things.. like don't stop offering her diff food.. you eat in front of her happily and with full excitement ...don't push her. catch her interest with playful or diff utensil like bright bowls spoons. n she may ask for a bite herself!good luck
| Sep 21, 2016
no Brototi... I wouldn't advice pressurizing baby fir any upper feed.. he may develop strong unlikings for it... even for future.. just keep trying n offering him upper milk.. be consistent.. who knows he may start liking it n accepting it slowly. or as some mothers around me tried... u don't offer him bf for whole day... n whenever he asks offer bottle feed.. he may avoid it for a day or two but eventually will take it.. I personally don't like this cry it out or raging his hunger issue.. but finally.. it's ur call.. do what u feel right.. good luck!
| Sep 21, 2016
hi suparva ..it's ok as far as daal n boiled fruits are concerned.. please avoid using packed oats or any other ready to eat food till the baby turns at least an year old. the preservatives might go hard on her system. preffer giving home made food.. good luck!
| Sep 21, 2016
there is actually no standard time for chapati.. differs from baby to baby.. once ur kid is well accustomed with semisolids than u can give him chapati sabzi.. usually babies develop whole grain digesting capabilities well by n around one year of age.. till then u can offer him quarter of chapati soaked in daal pani or daal gravy. home made biscuits.. (soaked in bf or upper feed) preferably made with natural sugar can be used as initial food also. please don't use packed biscuits available in market.
| Dec 06, 2016
Pooja ji my daughter is four months complete nw n she refuses to formula milk n my bf is nt sufficient n she keeps suckin her fingers. Plz suggest if i cn provide her cow's milk two times or three in a day with bf n also should i taste her solids like mashed banana n dipped biscuit in milk fr one tym. her weight at tym of birth was 2. 6kg n nw she is 5. 3kg. is her weight fine according to her age
| Dec 07, 2016
Hi really helpful info thru the blog as well as the answers replied by u doc. My query is regarding expressed breast milk, war if the baby doesn't finish the defrosted milk immediately. Can I wait for half an hour n feed her again? BM is very precious, don't feel like discarding it...
| Dec 08, 2016
Hi guna shekhar.... u have to keep trying out various veggies n fruits n other eatables to help develop or baby's taste and know his preferences.. thab plan out accordingly... for a six months old daal rice water, Suzi halwa, soaked biscuits in milk, kheer, which do can be some options
| Dec 08, 2016
Hello Jimmy... if u have to use cows milk, do start iron supplementation along... get a iron syrup prescribed from your doctor.. also I would suggest to wait on starting upper other or solid foods as baby's digestive system is yet not mature n he can get frequent colic or other abdominal problems.
| Dec 08, 2016
No Tulika... you must not reuse once defrost milk.. can use it up to 15-20 mins max as per I know.. N u r right... BM is very precious.. so to avoid wastage, I would suggest you to defrost small quantities first.. n then acc to baby's hunger, prepare it again if he needs.
| Apr 15, 2017
Hi dipti.. In Most infants diagnosed with gerd,the condition gets resolved by the time baby gets one or one n half years without any treatment. As on ur part,make sure to keep baby upright everytime u feed him for atleast 15 minutes.. N dont forget burp.. During sleeping also... Elevate the head side of babys bed a little.. Also please search in blogs here... There is a wonderful write up on GERD at parentune itself.. That might help u.. Hope this helps.. Take care!
| Apr 16, 2017
Hi sangita.. Its so good that u have worked on her upper food n she is comfortable with daal pani n other things... N as per ur query,yes u can start with cerelec.. But i wd suggest to go for home made instead.. Reason being not to expose ur tiny baby to preservatives of stored or packed food atleast in first year of life!good luck:)
| Apr 18, 2017
Hi phajaton... Combining bf n upperfeed is not a rare practice.. In starting babys digestive system may take a while to get adjusted and could present with colic or constipation or diarrohea.. But with time... It matures abd adjust well ... Along with upperfeed, u continue bf as long as u can.. Tc.
| Apr 18, 2017
Yes richa.. U can have them easily from market.. And storage also depends on for how long u want to store the milk.. For example ifits been pumped in morning n u wnt to guve it to baby till noon or evning than u can store it as such in the bottle attached ....But say if your working hrs are long n u may need the milk for upto night as well.. Than consider pouches or glass vessels.. Actually here its temp as well as humidity factor.. In many places(foriegn)mothers freeze their once expressed bf n use it fir days to come..
| Apr 26, 2017
That seems fine... Dont worry about this gap between feeds... Mostly infants keeps changing them.. Hunger is a physiological need for them.. He wont stay hungry if u conclude from. This long gap... He will let u know by being cranky or crying it out at this age.. N if he is not doing any during this gao ..He is fine.. Dobt worry..