Education and Learning

National Education Policy 2022 : Things to look forward to & How it is going to be different from previous year

Riya Thomas
0 to 1 years

Created by Riya Thomas
Updated on Feb 19, 2022

National Education Policy 2022 Things to look forward to How it is going to be different from previous year

The education policy has recently been changed by the HRD ministry. These changes have been done under the chairmanship of ISRO Chief Doctor K Kasturirangan for improving the quality of education. In this blog today I will share with you some important highlights of the new  National Education Policy (NEP) 2022  including some of the key changes that have been made, and all things important each parent should know about.

National Education Policy 2022

The National Education Policy (NEP) was approved on 29 July 2020 by the union cabinet of India. It replaced the existing educational policy of India which was made in 1986. This policy brought some positive changes in the education policy of India. It is a framework covering elementary education till higher education which includes vocational training in both urban and rural areas. The main aim of launching the National Education Policy 2022 is to further remodel India’s education policy. Under this newly launched NEP, students shall not be compelled to take any particular language. Now the students will be able to choose the language according to their interests.

  • The National Education Policy will universalize education from preschool to Secondary School. I.e. it aims to establish a national system of education that all students irrespective of caste; creed, sex, and religion have access to education of comparable quality.

  • Previously the pattern of 10 + 2 was followed which has now been changed to 5 + 3 + 3 + 4.

The New School Education Structure, 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 Foundation Formula

  • Foundation Stage- Children in the first three years will receive pre-school education in Anganwadi (preschool). Then in the next two years, children will be taught in first and second classes in school. A new curriculum will be prepared for these five years of study. The focus will be largely on activity-based learning. It will cover children between three and eight years old. In this way, the first five years of studies will focus on building a strong foundation .

  • Preparatory stage- At this stage, classes three to five will be studied. During this time, children will be taught science, mathematics, arts and other subjects. through experiments. Children from 8 to 11 years old shall be covered.

  • Middle Stage – classes 6-8 will be covered, children aged 11-14 will be covered by these subject-based classes. Skill development courses will start in sixth grade.

  • The secondary stage - ninth to twelfth class will be studied in two phases, where an intensive study of the subjects will be conducted. Students will have the freedom to choose subjects.

Earlier this system did not cover pre-school in government schools. There was a general education from first grade to grade 10. From grade 11, the students would need to choose the subjects.

Who created NEP?

A panel of experts led by former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan has studied the challenges existent today and then have come up with these changes that will happen in the Indian education system – from school to college till employment. These suggestions were compiled and approved by the HRD Ministry.


Objective Of National Education Policy

The main objective of this policy is to bring education provided in India up to global standards. Several amendments have been made to the old education policy.


Key Highlights in Summary

Thus, to summarize the national education policy is India’s new education system which replaces the old policy. The main focus under the national education policy has been on elementary education as well as vocational training in rural and urban areas. The launch of the National Education Policy is aimed at bringing a positive change in the education system. NEP will help in providing high-quality education to all Indian students.

  • The focus will be on facilitating learning in the mother tongue (native language) and regional languages preferable in the respective states.

  • The 10+2 structure will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 model which includes the foundational stage, preparatory stage, middle stage, and secondary stage.

  • Going forward,  a four-year bachelor of education is going to be mandatory to become a Teacher.

  • The Board Exam would only be applicable for grade 12. There won’t be the 10th Board anymore.

  • The exams would be held in semesters from grade 9 till grade 12

  • College degrees will be of 3 and 4 years respectively. Certificate in the first year of graduation, diploma in the 2nd year, and a degree in the 3rd year. 

  • The 3 years course would be for those students who do not wish to take higher education. Those students, who wish to pursue higher education, will need to do a 4 years course.

  • Now, students will be able to pursue another course in the middle of an ongoing college course by taking a limited time break. 

  • There would be the commencement of several e-learning courses in regional languages.

  • A National Educational Scientific Forum will be started.

  • Going forward, all the rules would be the same for a private, government, or a deemed institution.  

  • PARAKH (Performance Assessment Review and analysis of knowledge for Holistic Development)  - a new National assessment platform will be set up.

  • Mathematical thinking and Scientific Temper Coding will start from grade 6.

  • Under the new policy, Education would get 6% of GDP in comparison to 1.7% of GDP earlier. 

Implementation Of NEP In Higher Educational Institutions

National Education Policy (NEP) has done work in reshaping and revamping various aspects of the undergraduate education system. Now NEP is all set to change the background of higher education institutions in the current academic year. The discussion for implementing the NEP in the higher educational institutions was going on various platforms. After years of remission and comments from the stakeholders, it has now been decided to bring an ambitious expectation from higher education institutions.

  • The focus is to gear up the higher education institution to make Indian education the best in the world.

  • Planning, execution, and involvement of all stakeholders is being now envisaged

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