Food and Nutrition

How Do You Monitor Your Child

Canisha Kapoor
All age groups

Created by Canisha Kapoor
Updated on Jul 23, 2018

How Do You Monitor Your Child

How should you monitor your child’s growth?  Growth denotes increase in physical size of the body and development denotes improvement in skills and function of an individual. Together they denote physical, intellectual, emotional and social wellbeing of an individual. Birth to five years of age are called the formative years. During these years, basic mental and physical development occurs in children. As per the World Health Organization, nutrition, healthcare and environment play a crucial role in determining the growth of a child.

The parameters used to measure growth are weight in kilograms, height in meters and head and chest circumferences. In India, we use the WHO Child Growth Standards (2006) for children to track their growth. Monitoring your child’s growth to check for deficiencies is of paramount importance.

 

Weight

Weight has been recognized to be the most accurate measure of growth in a child as even a change of few hundred grams can be recorded.

• It indicates body mass

• It is sensitive to even small changes in nutritional status due to childhood morbidity like diarrhoea.

• Rapid loss of weight indicates potential risk of malnutrition.
 

Height

Height of an individual is influenced by genetic as well as environmental factors. Inadequate dietary intake and/ or infections reduce nutrients available to support the child’s growth. This may result in growth retardation.

Growth Monitoring

It is a regular measurement that helps you to visualize your child’s growth. This chart will help you to monitor the growth and height of your child.

• As per WHO (World Health Organization), there are separate growth charts for girls and boys see tables below.

• At infancy, your child is growing rapidly – his/her height and weight increases constantly. Hence growth monitoring should be done once every month, up to age of 3 years and at least once in 3 months, thereafter.

• Every time the child is weighed, the weight is plotted on the growth chart and the points thus formed may be joined to form a line called as the growth curve. If your child is gaining weight regularly, the line will move in an upward direction

• Consult your doctor if the growth curve is not moving in the upward direction • Remember that height and weight are not the only indicators of a child’s growth, as his/her genetics, ethnicity also play a major role

 

You can easily measure your child’s growth at home

• Use a digital scale placed on a firm, even floor

• Remove shoes and clothes and place the child on the center of the scale

• Record weight to the nearest decimal fraction and plot it on the growth chart shown below

• Height for children above two years can be measured using a measuring rod anthropometer- where the child’s maximum height is measured upon standing in line to the rod.

 

Disclaimer-  This Blog is supported by Nestle Ceregrow. A child needs more nutrition than an adult. Each bowl of Ceregrow contains the goodness of grains, milk & fruits and makes up for the lack of sufficient nutrition. Follow Early Childhood Nutrition to learn more.

Calculated basis per kg body weight; ICMR 2010

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| Aug 01, 2018

Your blog is very important & beneficial for me because i don't know before this the growth chart is seperate for boys and girls. I also don't know before this the height of an individual is influenced by enviromental factor. Thanks mam..

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| Aug 01, 2018

yok

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| Jul 31, 2018

23y g3tu12211

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| Jul 31, 2018

knjmu1uuui .84grlltlltt5

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| Jul 25, 2018

good blog

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| Jul 25, 2018

digital scale is accurate... and should be used

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| Jul 25, 2018

leafy vegetables such as spinach is a must for child of this age...

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| Jul 25, 2018

great information.

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| Jul 25, 2018

A lot of play and home cooked food with esssential minerals and nutrients is the way to healthy upbringing.

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| Jul 25, 2018

My daughter had issues with her height so had to consult a doctor..

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| Jul 25, 2018

By daughter didnt gain height in the initial years but she has caught up on it in the recent years

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| Jul 25, 2018

Still a paediatrician visit can help you a check on all the pointers.

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| Jul 25, 2018

In my case my grand parents were able to deal with this

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| Jul 25, 2018

Appreciate it...

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