Waterborne Diseases Causes, Transmission Mode & Remedies to Protect
Created by Dr. Pooja Attrey(PT) Updated on Aug 15, 2017
It’s that dreadful time of year when the encounter with diarrhoea, vomiting and other digestive problems are encountered frequently which are referred to as waterborne diseases. These are caused by drinking contaminated or dirty water, which results in these diseases. As per records, these diseases alone cause 3.4 million deaths each year.
What Are Waterborne Diseases & Causes?
Waterborne diseases are diseases that are caused by drinking the contaminated water i.e. cholera, typhoid and dysentery. According to Wikipedia, waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, which are commonly transmitted through drinking the fresh water that has been contaminated with the microorganism carrying the diseases. Most of the time, infection usually happens while taking bath, washing, drinking, in the preparation of food, or the consumption of food that is infected.
Waterborne Diseases Transmission – The How's And Why's
More often than not, either of the two things has been found to be the culprit.
- The community source of water supply is contaminated due to poor hygiene and storage quality
- The storage at home is not up to the mark of safety and hygiene
- Even after floods, the epidemic outbursts of these diseases are seen, as both human and animal faecal matter comes in contact with water, thus contaminating the water and spreading the infectious diseases
Other Possible Modes Of Transmission
However, there are other several ways by which the water gets contaminated and thus result in waterborne diseases.
- Dirty contaminated hands, clothes, cooking vessels, mugs, etc
- Uncovered food and drinking water
- Contaminated water
- The practice of defecating in the open
- Via houseflies
How To Prevent Typhoid & Cholera Infection?
In order to prevent infectious water-borne diseases, the quality of water should be improved at the source itself. In certain areas, the quality of water supply might be of questioned. It is necessary to disinfect the water before use. Water that is used for all purposes like drinking, cooking, and brushing of teeth should be disinfected properly.
How To Ensure Your Child Is Safe From Cholera, Typhoid Fever Infections
So you must do the following to ensure that you and your child avoid getting infected
- Drink only filtered/bottled/boiled water
- Wash hands properly before eating, drinking n taking water out of a storage container
- Wash hand sanitise the water containers daily
- Eat cooked, warm foods
- Maintain personal hygiene as well
- Use of proper toilets for defecation
- Wash food before cooking and cook food at high temperature so as to kill harmful bacteria
- Avoid flies by disposing animal and organic wastes properly
- Ensure to take proper care in disposing of infant and toddler faeces
- Avoid consuming foods, fruit juices, and milkshakes from roadside vendors
- Always keep foods and beverages closed
- Avoid drinking water at parks and other such recreational places or hospitals. It is best to buy bottled water or carry your own water
- Rivers and creeks can be breeding grounds for bacteria
- Avoid swimming in such waters
Washing Hands – Single Most Effective Method to Prevent Waterborne Diseases
Washing hands is the most important method of prevention of waterborne diseases. One should wash hands before preparing food and before eating. Likewise, it is necessary to wash hands after using the toilet, changing diapers, after using a handkerchief, after changing clothes or beddings soiled with faeces, after caring people with water-borne illness, and after playing with pets and animals.
Home Remedies to Avoid Water-borne Infections
The common household ways to avoid water-borne diseases i.e. cholera, typhoid by disinfection include:
- Vigorously boiling water for one minute can kill most microorganisms
- Common household items such as chlorine bleach, tincture of iodine, and iodine tablets can be used to disinfect water
- You can also protect the drinking water from common houseflies
- Proper sanitisation of water along with ensuring complete personal hygiene at every level
Will That Be Enough To Protect Your Child From Waterborne Diseases?
To some extent, yes, but there is always more that as a mommy you can do to protect your little one from the likes of cholera, typhoid among other waterborne diseases. So mommies, here’s what you can do.
- Personal hygiene: The hygiene starts from home so start it early by teaching personal hygiene to your toddler. Teach them the importance of washing hands both before and after eating, post the toilet usage
- Healthy diet: Give healthy diet to boost his immunity. Also use probiotics to exclusively enhance digestive immunity
- Regular de-worming: It’s advisable to de-worm your toddler occasionally and more so during this period
Stay healthy stay safe!
Did you like this blog? Please do share your feedback and views in the comment section below.
| May 30, 2017
Hi anitha.. Deworming can be done by allopathy as well as home remedies. For under two years of age zental syrup can be given to kids. Talk to your peads regarding dosage n frquency acc to babys symptoms. This being said,i am a strong naturopathy supporter as i believe our kids are not cut out for allopathy.. At least for general diseases and health maintenance. So i would advice you to use garlic,papaya etc ..They are very strong protection against any parasite or antigen. Just add a clove of garlic to your babys any regular meal... Just one.. More can cause losse motions or heat rashes in this season.. Do it for three four days.. That would be enough. Take care